News of Mistresses and Old Girls – Summer Term 1917

Miss Fairclough spent a week-end at Holmwood early in June, during a month’s leave from Malta, where she has been working as V.A.D. for the last 15 months. Her work consists principally of starting and organising hospital invalid kitchens all over the Island, and inspecting those which are already in full swing. She is called Principal Commandant, wears a most becoming blue uniform, and ranks as a Colonel! She seems very happy in her work, and showed us a quantity of interesting photographs.

 Doris Gozvenlock and Muriel Vicary are nursing at the Red Cross Hospital at Wimborne, and Dorothy Vicary has gone to help in the kitchen, as they were short-handed; after this she is hoping to do Secretary work in a new Hospital in Warminster.

Nancy Wolley Dod is nursing in France, and Marjorie has gone to Salonica. Rosamund and her baby are well.

Gwynneth Hope is nursing in the American Women’s Hospital.

Emma Burt is still at the Australian Hospital.

 M. L. Callard (nee Coomber) is working at the Ministry of Pensions, Widows and Dependents’ Branch.

 E. Newton has been working in France since October. 1914, and was mentioned in Sir D. Haig’s dispatch.

 N. Richards has been working up for the London Matric.

 B. Niven has been at Manchester University for a year, and is going to Cambridge in October.

 M. Godley has finished a course of motoring, and she hopes to get some kind of motoring work to do; in the meantime she is working at the Y.M.C.A. Canteen at Paddington several times a week.

 M. Campin writes: “I am at present enjoying my life very much at Monmouth High School, where I am having a very busy time teaching (chiefly Maths.) and filling up my spare time studying.”

Ursula Stokes, in answering Miss Douglas’ Easter Letter, says: ­”I have been wondering how many of the Old Girls realise that there is still a Commem. held at School of a character which those who are far away would appreciate most perhaps. Even in Grahamstown I did not realise that the day was being kept officially at School, though of course we knew that some of you were thinking of us when we had our Commem, parties, and I suppose Grahamstown is more likely to know all there is to know about the School than any other part of the world. I, suppose Miss Jones knew, and that is why she wanted more. But though I was only at School last Commem. from 8.30 p.m. on Friday – night and had to leave St. Martin’s long before the Service was over on Saturday morning (to catch me train), it was sufficient to realise that there was far more of Commem. left than I had ever dreamt of, that the whole of the present School knew it was ‘Old Girls’ Day’ and that the Celebration at St. Martin’s was still for all who could to be present there, and for the rest of us to join in wherever we might be.”

A. Chambers has been working since March as pantry maid in the V.A.D. Hospital. Rhode Hill, Uplyme. Devon.

Nora Randall says: “I am now going on Thursdays to the V.A.D. Hospital at Mere, about 25 miles from school, as a Probationer. Of course, I did not mind what I went as, but all the same I am very pleased that I shall get some opportunity of nursing, for it will help so for later on.”

J. Dennison Says: “I am quite busy now, working at Christchurch Red Cross Hospital, as Quartermaster’s Orderly. I spend every morning there, and do all sorts of jobs, from sweeping, dusting and clearing brass, to sorting Linen, mending clothes, and getting the nurses’ lunch – so I have plenty of variety and love the work. I have also been attending Lectures on Fist Aid and Home Nursing, so have had my time fairly well occupied.”

M. Irby writes: “It has struck me that you may be rather interested to hear of the work I am doing at present. I obtained a post at the beginning of the summer at ‘Women’s Service,’ an organisation run by the London Society for Women’s Suffrage for the purpose of suppling women for War Work, and also to investigate new professions, and trades which are suitable for women to take up, but which hitherto they have not had the opportunity of entering. I am working for the head of the ‘Training’ Department and we give advice to women with regard to the best work for them to take up and how to train themselves for it. I Was wondering whether you would like to mention the Women’s Service Bureau in the school Magazine, in case any of the Old Girls, who are looking out for posts, would care to register there; and also perhaps some of the girls just leaving School would like advice about taking up some of the professions which are off the normal lines. The office is at 58, Victoria Street, S.W. I enjoy the work there very much, and find it extremely interesting.”

 Freda White worked in her Easter holidays for a month at the large Military Hospital at Devonport. She was at the Nursing Sisters’ Quarters helping the Matron with the house-keeping and doing odd jobs for her, and enjoyed the experience very much.

Rosamond Conquest (nee Acworth), in writing to Miss Douglas some months ago, told a delightful story, which we cannot leave out of the Magazine. Her husband, who was out with the American Ambulance in France, was ordered up to some “post” or other to take “one assis” and “three coucher “cases. He had his “coucher” cases in all right, and was working round for the “assis”, when a little dog was lifted in beside him. The poor little thing had been already wounded twice, and on this occasion had a body wound; his master had also been hit. The little dog had all his papers filled up, just like a regular “poilu,” and was evacuated to the rear as a man would be.

Ella Burden writes: “Once again I am out in France-this time working in a Military Hospital under canvas. The open-air life is just glorious now, but I can’t imagine what it is like in the winter. We are sleeping in small huts big enough for two, and in the hot weather the whole of one side can be thrown open. Just at present we are rather unsettled, as the Americans may arrive any day to take over this Hospital, and some of us will be sent elsewhere, whilst some of us are staying for a while to work with them. I hope I shall be allowed to stay, as it is a lovely Hospital, situated high up out of the town on the race-course, with woods all round us, and fortunately I am nursing Tommies here. They are just too splendid for words, and their one wish is to see Blighty again. I’m so sorry I could not come up to see you before I left England, but my time was so short and there was such a lot to do. I’m ever so happy here and feeling very fit indeed.”

Jeanie Raven, in thanking Miss Douglas for her Easter Letter, says: ­ “I quite agree about Commem. We should all want to come so much, and of course we ought not to from a distance. But where will you put us all when we come to the first Commem. after the war? Won’t it be a glorious squash, and how the hall will bulge! We have had quite exciting times at frequent intervals here, with air-raids and bombardments, both more startling than alarming, for we are so well guarded that the Huns dare not try more than a “tip-and-run” attack. It is wonderful to see miracles happening as they do, e.g., in Ramsgate last time but one, three houses were hit in a crowded quarter, each one empty: and the other shells all fell in fields; they nearly always fall in waste ground. Another time, bombs were dropped just outside the National School, one yard from the window, with all the children inside; shells fell one either side of the V.A.D. Hospital. Only once a cottage was hit, and there were three people killed: otherwise we have only had roofs and windows damaged. The Relieving Officer called Mr. Cate, had his roof smashed in, no one was hurt, and he emerged from the ruins brushing the dust from his coat and saying: “It takes more than that to kill a Cate!” The 14-months-old baby next day can say ‘Bombard,’ and shows off his trick with great pride. So you see we are quite in the war zone!”

Dorothy Man, writing from France, says: “I am writing this in a Church Army Club, near a lovely French town. I did not expect to hear about Salisbury again out here, but I was serving a man at the Canteen who belonged to the Wiltshire Regiment, and he told me all about the changes that had taken place since the war. He used to be the Carrier between Amesbury and Salisbury, and he is one of our friends here! While I was telling him I was at School at the Godolphin, a friend of his came up and said: ` I am a Salisbury man, and I’ve heard that the Godolphin young ladies have gone on the land, and the farmers say that they are the best helps they’ve ever had!’ I felt that I must write and tell you this! It was a very sincerely-said compliment. I saw my first sight of some German prisoners yester­day. They were slightly wounded, but looked very well cared far. I am coming home, I think, in June. If anyone wants work that is absolutely brimming with opportunities, they had better apply to the Headquarters of the Church Army for Canteen and Club work! The men are simply splendid, in spite of all the discomforts they have to put up with. They are keen on everything-French, music, and library-and we could do with one worker for each subject!”

Eleanor Chase writes: “Since I last saw you, nearly two years ago, I have been as busy as one could be, and, with the exception of some sick leave, I have only had a week’s holiday. I was in the Military Translation Bureau of the War Office for 14 months. I came across Marian Tatham in the War Office occasionally where she was working in the Registry. I left there to go to the Russian Government Com­mittee last October, and was there until last week, when I was offered the post of Superintendent of Translations to the Air Board, and came here to form a new section similar to that in which I worked in the War Office. It is a very good post, and I can’t help being very pleased at having got it. It is pleasant, too, to be one’s own head, since, as the new section is to be a central one for all Air Ministry Translations, it is not dependent on any Department, but only on the Secretary direct. I met Dorothy Sayers a month or so ago, and she was very pleased with the publication of her book of verses, and with her new work at Oxford under Blackwell. I also met Jean Smith not so very long ago, and heard all her news. I believe she is still at the Ministry of Munitions; she seemed to be very happy there.”

Nancy Woodrow (nee Marlow) tells us that she is now in the Dutch Section of the Censor’s Office, so does very little but Dutch and French. She would like to tell us more about the work if it were allowed.

Freda Shingleton writes from France, where she is nursing and says: “I came out in January, and love the work. Unfortunately, I got a frost-bitten toe, and had to go to Hospital for five weeks, but I am back at work again now. I have several times seen Theophila Yeatman and Alice Workman. It is so nice to come across old Godolphinites out here. How is the dear old School, I wonder? I so often think of all the happy times we had, but what years after it, seems!”

Helen Rhodes writes: “I am still as keen as ever about my music, but I felt it wrong to give all my time and energy to it in war time, and about eight months ago I took the place of a man, and became a Bank Clerk in the largest Bank in Sheffield! I like the work very much indeed for a time. It certainly wouldn’t excite me to think that I had to be a Bank Clerk for always! It is extremely nice to feel a little useful. There are 22 other girls in the Bank, I suppose just for the period of the war; also, about 30 men and boys. There is always an enormous amount of work to be done, as it is such a busy Bank, but that is what one expects, and everyone is very jolly.”

Gladys Filliter has had a good bit of experience nursing first at Barts, and when she wrote she was at No. 1 War Hospital, Reading.

Esther Field was working in the New Zealand Hospital, Codford, when we last heard of her.

A Capel is living at A. Foljambe’s home; and they have taken up dairy work together.

Annie Pritchardl tells us that she is working at the Fielden School as well as the Manchester University. She says: “We are, like most other people, working with a reduced staff. I am hoping to get home for Whitsuntide, and perhaps I might see you during that week. It was very delightful to have a peep at Miss Jones during Christmas week. She and a friend have been very busy in the holidays reclaiming a piece of land for an allotment. She says: ‘We have a good many visitors, even in war time, who come to see the School, which used to be under Professor Findlay in former days. I am on the Manchester Council for Day Nurseries and Nursery Schools, and we are much interested in the new programme proposed by Mr. Fisher. Personally, I shall feel much regret if our five happy little Nursery Schools in Manchester have to come under a wider scheme, and the red tape of the Board of Education. Professor l3ompas Smith has had an interview with some of the people at the Board of Education, and we are sorry that their tendency seems to be towards the inclusion of the children from three years in the Elementary School organisation. At present some very valuable voluntary work is being done, and little children want mothering, which can’t be possible if the numbers grow too large. Our most successful Nursery School is in an ordinary work­ing-class dwelling in one of the Manchester slums. It has had the greatest influence on the mothers by showing them just what can be done with the means at their disposal, and it is the finest object-lesson they could have-far better, I think, then a model building, with baths, hot and cold water, and all kinds of conveniences impossible in the homes from which these mites come.”

K. Keble sends a most interesting account of her work at Vickers’ Aeroplane Factory, Weybridge. She says: “I am afraid I shall find it rather difficult to explain, as so few people seem to have heard of it. It is commonly known as oxy-acetylene welding. The acetylene gas is made in a generator outside and is carried by pipes to each person; the oxygen is in a large cylinder by one’s side. We work with a blow pipe, which has a tremendously hot flame, about 600° Fahrenheit this is attached by rubber pipes to the oxygen cylinder and the acetylene safety valve; we control the acetylene and oxygen with a tap on the blow pipe, and we light up at a gas jet. We apply the flame to the metal until it is quite molten, and then one adds a little wire to make the two surfaces weld together. We weld most of the small steel parts on the aeroplane. Our kit consists of an overall, leather apron, and dark goggles, also a handkerchief over our head. The leather apron and the handkerchief are very necessary in order to protect one from the sparks, and we must wear dark goggles because the flame is tremen­dously bright. The shop we work in is called the ‘Tinsmith’s’, and is exceedingly stuffy and noisy, but very interesting as all the aluminum work is done in it. At the back of the shop there are furnaces with steam hammers going all day, the latter sound rather like bombs being dropped just behind you. We begin work at 7 O’clock in the morning and go on till 7.30 or 8.30 at night; the hours for meals are; Breakfast, from 8.30 to 9 o’clock; dinner, from 1 o’clock to 2 o’clock; and tea, from 5 to 5.30; we have all our meals at the works Canteen, which is about three minutes’ walk from the Factory. The Factory is on the edge of Brooklands Track, and we find it very interesting at meal times watching the aeroplanes going up and coming down, and doing wonderful things in the air, which occasionally make one’s hair literally stand on end.”

Mary Gordon has a classical post at the Manchester High School, under Miss Burstall.

Naomi Peake wrote to Miss Douglas in December to say that she met a Fawcett House girl when working at the Farnborough Royal Aircraft Factory, and recognised her by her blue overall; and that she and Dorothy Tull and Katharine Garnons-Williams and Irene Wordsworth had all been meeting and comparing their war work experiences.

Amphilis Middlemore tells us that she is training in the General Hospital, Birmingham.

Coralie Middlemore is still farming, and is now a carter, and is busy ploughing and carting anything under the sun.

Merrell Middlemore is training to be a doctor.

Jean Alexander is out in France with her sisters, and doing extraordinarily interesting work, which some day, I hope, she will find time to tell us all about in the School Magazine.

Theophila is home for a holiday, and we hope to see her at Godolphin.

Rita Paulley (nee Douglas) is House Mistress at St. Margaret’s. Her husband is in Egypt.

Kathleen Douglas’s name was amongst those in the long list mentioned in Despatches for their work in Home Hospitals.

Evelyn Gilroy was mentioned in Despatches, and the following are extracts from a letter from her mother, in last March: “Evelyn has been Sister in charge of a Ward for 14 months. She had the ‘Acute’ Ward at the Havre Clearing Hospital in regular turn with the other Sisters, and last June was moved up to the Somme for the `Push,’ and after a week there was again given a Ward-the second worst ` Surgical’ and has had it ever since; 36 beds, under canvas. For the first two or three months the work was truly appalling. Cases straight off the field, of course, and only the worst ‘ kept’; so, it was always a strain and awful responsibility. Then all the winter it has been dreadful. First wind and damp, then bitter cold, and no `floors’ anywhere, only tarpaulin to stand on; consequently, all the Nurses up there have had aa sort of `trench feet’ like very bad chilblains, red and blue and swollen up, and their knees all lame, and suffering greatly when they got warm in bed (which was the only time they were ever warm). The whole staff had bad influenza at Christmas, and Evelyn was one of the only four who didn’t ‘go sick,’ but was awfully bad and worked on with a high temperature. Con­sequently, she is only now beginning to get over it. She has only been home twice in two years, once for seven days and once for ten. She has, of course, the regular Hospital hours, 6.30 a.m. to 7.30 p.m., and when the push is on no hours at all! They all work night and day, and get sleep when and how they can. For three weeks on two occasions – she was never in bed for more than three hours at one time, and often no time to undress at all, unless compelled in order to search for trench creatures! which, unless found, destroy all chance of sleep.”

Iris Chauncey, when last we heard, had been going through a course of motoring.

Dulcie Chauncey is at the Woolwich Arsenal as an Assistant Overseer. 

Molly Thomas has given up her Bank work, and was intending to learn typing and shorthand this summer and autumn. and talks of the possibility of going to France as a Pay Office Clerk.

Violet Christy is helping in her father’s office, and has a busy time of it. When she has a spare day, she goes down to Bethnal Green on School Care Committee work, and has been now and again to help in the Arsenal Canteen, where she ran across Gladys Crombie.

Molly Sanctuary says: “When the end of my time at the Calcutta Diocesan College drew near, it seemed better for several reasons not to sign on for another Term of years there, so I wrote to ask whether they wanted any one of my qualifications here, and found that they would be glad of my help in a School ‘for the daughters of Indian gentlemen who are able and willing to pay towards the cost of their education.’ The girls are mostly Mahommedans and Hindus. Several of them are married: some are more or less strictly Purdah. I am already very fond of these children.”

Ena Merrell says: “I am, as you will see, farming, and have been since December 3rd of last year. I was companion to a lady at Hounslow, and saw in the paper that the National Political League were advertising for hay balers, so I went to see them and they said they did not want any more, but would I care to do farm work, so I agreed: and they sent me, with another girl of my own age, to Barton Seagrave, to work on Lord Hood’s farm. We were then the pioneers of Northants. While we were working there we used to visit of an evening another farmer, and after being in the neighbourhood for three months he offered us work with him, and to live in the house, so we accepted and here we are now. We seemed to be such a great success on Lord Hood’s farm that they set up a Hostel and had 20 girls there. Now I will give you an idea of the sort of things we do. Of course, each season has its different work. Milking, churning and making the butter; rearing calves, fattening bullocks and taking them to market ; feeding sheep and making pens, feeding poultry, feeding nag and grooming, feeding pigs and cleaning them out, cleaning calf hovels out, loading carts with straw and hay, cleaning mangolds, threshing, and turning hay in hay time (then we work till it gets dark), hoeing thistles out of the wheat, horse-hoeing cabbages and mangolds, spreading manure, gardening, cutting cabbages, loading them and throwing them to the cows. There are lots of other things which we have to do. In recreation time, we do just what we like, of course the summer-time is the best time to enjoy ourselves. We play tennis, ride and drive the nag, ride Hugh Everard’s motor-bike and use his gun. When I had time, I used to go and shoot a rabbit, and we used to have it in a cold pie for breakfast. At present there isn’t any time for that as the days are so short.”

Augusta Merrell has been working in a Munition Factory. She started by filling shells until her hands were perfectly yellow. Now she has gradually worked herself up to a forewoman, and is receiving nearly £4 a week.

Mollie Sanctuary is now at Queen Mary’s School, Delhi, and writes happy and cheery letters home.

Monica Sanctuary is a masseuse, and has just gone to a new camp in Ashton-in-Maberfield. She is very keen about her work, and has just passed an electrical examination, coming out with the top set.

Susan, Sanctuary is still in France, and the other day was in charge of an acute surgical ward.

Carline Sanctuary is working at the Headquarters of the Dorset Volunteers.

Edith Kinder is having lessons in motor driving, under Dorothy Trask, at the Grosvenor Garage, near Bournemouth, as she wants to be able to drive the car at Canford. Edith is in the middle of training in garden­ing and other Work on the land at Lady Winmborne’s School. Esther Taunton is also there.

Stella Wilkinson has left the Forage Department Office, where she had been working for 16 months. and is now acting as Clerk to Mr. Squarey in his Land and Estate Agency Office.

Nellie Kenyon has published a small rook of poems, “An Offering” the proceeds of which are to go to the Hostel for training Indian girls as missionaries and teachers. The cost of the book is 1s, and the publisher is B. H. Blackett, Broad Street, Oxford.

Winifrid Blackett is still working as cook in a convalescent home for Army Sisters in Guildford.

Edith Villar is still working on the land.

Miss Jones went back to South Africa in January. We were very, sorry to say goodbye to her. She wrote to say that the voyage was very long, but uneventful.

Miss Bagnall was down here for a fortnight or so, we were all very pleased to see her.

Miss Jefferys is staying at Melbury; we are glad to see her looking so much better.

Miss Edwards Sends her love to everyone who remembers her.

F.E. Ashford is now doing Red Cross work at Longford Castle.

Dolly Wilson, and Monica Wood have been through a course of training for agricultural work at Longford, and are now at a farm at Teffont Evias, Wilts.

Letty Kettlewell is going to be “housemaid” at Sturminister Marshall Red Cross Hospital, near Wimborne.

Phyllis Blandford has been working at Newton Red Cross Hospital as a permanent ward-maid, and is returning to the hospital the first week in July to take up nursing for good.

Cecil Lock is working at an Auxiliary Military Hospital near Shrews­bury.

Hilda and Lilian Barbrook are both working at the Remount Depart­ment at Elsingham. Hilda is now forewoman.

Helen Harrison is in the V.A.D. at Lady Howard de Walden’s Nursing Home for officers’ wives.

W. Poynton packs for the A.0. Department Didcot, in the crockery sheds.

Kathleen Durden is helping at a 100-bed Red Cross Hospital at Dorchester.

Flo Burnet cooks at Longford Castle Officers’ Hospital.

M. Holmes is orderly at Longford Castle Officers’ Hospital.

 T. Woodman Smith is nursing at Longford Castle Officers’ Hospital.

 S. Yorke is still on a farm in Dorset. She has just been to Reading for her butter-making exam, and is going to an Agricultural College in October.

Ella Burden is working as a V.A.D. in France, and is at present under an Australian sister in one of the surgical lines.

Norah Chapman is working at the Royal Herbert Military Hospital. Woolwich.

M. Wild and M. Weigall, have during their holidays been doing massage in Indian Hospitals for British troops. They have 70 cases to deal with, and find it almost impossible to get through the work, as there is no one else to help.

 R. Jarrett is working at Endell Street Military Hospital.

M. Jarrett, is at the Y.M.C.A. Shakespeare Hut.

 Ethel Newton (Sister), Army Nursing Reserve, mentioned Sir Douglas Haigh’s Despatch of January 25th.

N. Newham was first in the Archbishops’ Examination, and is going to London as the first woman to hold the Board of Education Certificate in Handicraft, Machine Construction, and Drawing. She will work at Shoreditch Polytechnic for a course of two years.

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News of Old Mistresses and Old Girls – Summer 1916

Nora Bingham has been very busy at Leeds making sandbags. She has been Hon. Secretary to the Committee for this work, and their work grew so rapidly that they were made officially the Depot for Yorkshire.

K. Garmons William. writes from Bart’s, Hospital. She sends a most Interesting description of the arrangements in the Hospital and of her work. She passed her first examination in October, and is now a Stall nurse.
Barbara Garmons Williams has been cooking at a Red Cross Hospital at Chepstow.
C. Peel is working two or three afternoons a week at an Auxiliary Military Hospital in Southall, in the kitchen department.
Molly Sanctuary is helping with Girl Guides at a European School in Calcutta, in addition to her own work there.
Molly Sanctuary has just passed her massage examination. She has had hard work, as what generally takes a year was crowded into six months, as masseuses are so badly needed. She has now joined the Almeric Paget Corps, and has been, sent to Seaford Camp.
Susan Sanctuary is at No. 13 General Hospital, at Boulogne. and before that she was nursing at Versailles. Both their brothers are at the Front.
France Lewarne has done a spell in the Exeter Hospital; and tells, us that Muriel, has been there for a Year, and is telephone clerk. hall porter, and general message runner.
T. Smith says:” I am Secretary to Mr. T. C. Smith (no relation), the head of the wages’ section. He is very able and very kind and charming, which makes the post a very pleasant one. The chief drawback (if there is a drawback) is the length of the working hours; in the winter we used to be kept till 7.30 or, 8p.m. nearly every evening and occasionally later, but now it is generally possible to get away earlier. The work itself is rather difficult to describe, being variegated, and consisting largely in diverting as much work as possible off my Chief and imposing it on other people; `work’ in this case including callers and telephone calls and letters.”
Gladys Scott has a most interesting post as Secretary to Mr. L. Curtis, the, author of the book just published by Macmillan called “The Problem of the Commonwealth,” a book full of interest at the present time and heartily to be recommended.
Cathmar Eustace (nee Airy) writes front Wellington College, and says: “All the boys go into Woolwich or Sandhurst, and all of us College folk are busy with our fine Depot in the village for War Hospital Supply.” Her youngest brother has been all through Gallipoli, and came home on sick leave after miraculous escapes. Her husband is in group 41, called up for May 29th, but Mr. Vaughan is asking for his postponement as the tutors are so very necessary.
Dorothy Sanders is in No. 1 Hospital, Exeter, Edith Read in No. 2, and Lilian Soutwood in No. 3.
Auriol Parish is helping Mr. Frederick, her step-father, in his School, Aldwick Place, Bognor.
Doris Lenton is still at Cordwalles, Maritzburg. She has decided not to come home this year, and so has made it easier for the junior master to come to Europe with the South African Contingent.
Nancy Humphreys is nursing in the County of Cornwall Royal Naval Auxiliary Hospital.
Gwynnyth Hope is nursing in the American Women’s War Hospital in Paignton, quite a model Hospital, in the beautiful house of Mrs. Paris Singer.
Cicely Janson is working in the Military Hospital in Malta.
Path Thatcher (Trethowan) and Dorothy Sheldon Williams are living together while their husbands are away.
Evelyn Du Buissom is working in the Red Cross Hospital at Guildford as emergency ward maid, and they seem to require her services very often. She is also learning type-writing and shorthand, so as to be ready to help in her father’s office if needed. Red Cross cooking lessons also employ part of her time.
Dorothy Le Cren is in a Bank at Dartmouth, and likes the work very much.
Molly Thomas has been working for some months at the National and Provincial Bank in High Street, Kensington.
Miss Edwards writes how glad she was to see Olga Thompson (nee Baillie Grohman) in the “Walmer” on her way back to B.E.A., via the Cape. Miss Edwards says of her own work in Grahamstown: “Things go on happily here. The girls are being very nice.” She says Miss Jones minds very much being “out” of things, and “it actively hurts her not to be there in England.”
Marcia Mathews is very happy in her work at St Mary-‘s School, Calne, and the, School is growing.
Audrey Currey has been getting up a garden fete in aid of War Funds. Miss Jones’ small niece and nephew were among the performers.
Winifred Osborne has been staying near Crape Town while Parliament was there. She is Secretary to one of the members. She met Miss Ralph there, and knew her, though she was just “running up” after a bathe.
Agnes Robb is in a Bank in London.
Pera has been to stay at Nelson House, and gave great pleasure with her singing.
Dorothy Vicary is clerk in one of the offices of the Sutton Military Hospital.
Muriel is working at the Dressing Depot, and she does all the gardening, too, as they have no gardener.
Dorothy Macdonald is nursing at King’s College Hospital.
Kathleen Ashford is teaching gym at Berkhamstead. She trains Girl Guides in leisure moments. Bessie and Dorothy getting quite clever on the land, showing how well women can do that work.
Lord Methuen came to inspect one of the Hospitals where Miss Fairclough is, working, and when she introduced herself to him as having come from the Godolphin he said nice things about us and how proud he was to belong to us. Fairclough says Lord Methuen has a wonderful memory for faces and whenever he meets her now he asks if she has heard from 5alisbury.
Mary Sale is Matron at Oaklands Court, St Peter’s, in Thanet – a Boys’ Preparatory School.
Joyce Osmond is doing a great deal in the garden, and making it pay too.
Urith Huyshe is doing Secretary work for the Exeter War Depot.
Mary Huyshe is getting up an entertainment with her infant’s at St. Martin’s Schools on July 10th for raising funds for feeding the Belgian children under German rule.
Irene Maude is much, stronger. She has a post at Harrogate, in St. Ethelburga’s.
Margaret Tracey is working un the King Edward Hospital, Bristol.
Hilda Nixon (Scott) writes from Benha, Egypt. She and her husband being the only British, have to do a great deal towards entertaining and helping the soldiers who are in hospital there.
Lucy Seton has been nursing since July 31st, 1915, and is now at the Weir Hospital, Balham.
Joyce Newman has been nursing at the Dover Military Hospital for 13 months, and finds the work tremendously interesting. She is probably leaving in September to take up her School work again.
Hope Paley says: “I am an Assistant Organiser of Children’s Care Committees under the London County Council, and find the work most interesting.”
Irene Oldham works as a V.A.D. member at Abbots Barton Hospital, Canterbury, and also at the Kensington War Supply Depot.
Agatha Lumby says: “All the week I work at the National Training School of Domestic Economy, and on Saturday afternoons and Sunday mornings I help as general bottle-washer at a Hospital in Queen’s Gate.”
Nell Fitzherbert is now a Chartered Accountant’s clerk. She says: “I work in an office in Lincoln’s Inn from 9.45-6, and find the work most varied, congenial and Interesting. I am uncommonly lucky in having got into a particularly nice office, the only other girl working there being a friend of mine, and we work together mostly.”
Phil and Kitty Stewart are working very hard gardening, growing vegetables, and housework, and have their names down for work on the land as soon as they are wanted.
Muriel Young has Just been doing housemaid’s work for six months at a Nursing Home for Officers in London.
Betty Whately teaches her small sister, and spends a great deal of her spare time helping at a Depot for making bandages, &c., for the hospitals. She also helps at one of the Y.M.C.A Huts once a week.
Naomi Legge has a post at the War Trades Department. Where she has been for over a mouth, and likes the work very much.
Annette Ludlow-Hewitt says: “I have been nursing in a Red Cross Hospital for six months, and now at home helping in the hayfields.”
Rose and Sylvia Toms are still working at the Officers Convalescent Home at Watermouth Castle, near Ilfracombe.
Nora Montgomery has been working at Liverpool as a waitress at a Luncheon Club for Lady Clerks. It is called “The City Girls’ Club.”, in connection with the Y.W.C.A. She also helps one night a week at the Bidston Y.M.C.A Canteen.
Florence Bradford helps with the cooking at the Paignton Red Cross Hospital.
Marjorie Napier is working in the Intelligence Division of the Admiralty, and is very much interested in her work.
Lois Mason says: “At the present moment I am learning shorthand, &c., as I have been invalided out of the Hospital, and am hoping to get a war job in September.”
Margaret Baynes is working in the laundry at the V.A.D. Hospital, Standish House, Gloucester.
Esther Field, is still nursing at a Hospital in Oxford, where she has been nine months.
Edith and Cicely Porter are both nursing at a Hospital near Sheffield.
Enid Butler is a probationer at St. Thomas’ Hospital, going in for the regular three years’ training.
Norah Chapman is working at St. Mary’s Hospital, Worthing.
Ruby Convention is helping in all sorts of ways at Oxford, meeting Ambulance trains and looking after the stretchers, &c., packing and unpacking hospital things, besides running a “Wolf Cub Pack” (Junior Scouts) and teaching Board School children how to swim, &c.
Katharine Jarrett says: “I have been at Hornsey Cottage Hospital for six months, and I’m having a holiday just now. I am starting work again next week, and am going to Endell Street Military Hospital.”
Irene Ruttledge is helping at a Home for Soldiers in Fermoy.
Ella Burden has most interesting work in France in No. 1 B.R.C. Hospital, where she is a probationer. The nurses all live in a hotel close by, and are looked after by other V.A.D.’s. She says it is a most delightful Hospital near the sea, and with pine woods all round. She is in one of the big surgical wards.
Lacy Panting (Partridge) has plenty to do in her own home and looking after her family.
Mary Partridge works in her garden at home, and helps at the Attleborough Red Cross Needlework Depot.
Mildred Partridge is doing temporary gardening work wherever she is wanted.
Alice Foljambe has done a long spell at Acton making munitions. She is now a milkmaid on a farm.
V. Trevor Thomas is working in a small V.A.D. Hospital near Newport, and also goes one day a week to mend uniforms in a Hospital and another day a week to serve in a Canteen for ammunition Factory.
Audrey Randall is doing, V.A.D. work and at a Red Cross Hospital at Reigate.
Lynton Crabtree, helps at the Y.M.C.A. Hut Canteen at the Military Hospital in Halifax. She also works for the “Girl Guide Movement” and often plays at the Soldiers’ Wives’ Clubs.
Phyllis Horne is a cook at a V.A.D hospital at Ottermead, Ottershaw.
Enid Alexander is registered for work on the land, such as on haymaking and harvesting.
Edith Talbot, has been nursing for 18 months, and is now working in her father’s law office.
Margaret Talbot is still going on with her physical training for children.
Dacre Alexander is at the London (Royal Free Hospital) School of Medicine for Women, and takes her first medical examination on July 10th.
Gladys Crombie is still working in the Munition Workers’ Canteen, Woolwich, and she says if any Old Girl wants to do some work in August, the Secretary, Drill Hall, Woolwich, will be only too glad of their help.
Katharine Sydenham is working in a herb garden in Bucks.
Dorothy S. Denham has been in the Military Hospital, Red Cross, at Devonport since last August.
Marian Tatham is working at the War Office in Whitehall (Registry), and lives at Bedford House, York Place, Portman Square.
Betty Alexander says: “I am doing gardening, growing vegetables in particular, in a large patch of my own.”
May Smart is doing canteen work for the men at the Woolwich Arsenal.
Margaret Brown works at a Y.M.C.A. Canteen in the Richmond Park Camp. She also belongs to an Orchestra, which sometimes gives concerts for the soldier.
Edith Villar is working for her drawing examination, which takes place next June. She says she is doing a certain amount of war work, too.
Bythia Hawkins says: “I am working for Matriculation with a view to taking, a London B.A. degree, and then qualifying as a teaching missionary.”
Winifred Blackett is a V.A.D. cook in a Red Cross Hospital at Guildford.
Rosalind Bowker is in France, where she is doing Rest Station work and nursing. She has just been home on leave.
Cecil Lock nurses in a V.A.D. Hospital at Oxford.
Lorna Wells says: “At present I am working up for the, Junior Examination of the College of Preceptors, preparatory to going in for dispensing, which I hope to do afterwards. My exam is in September.”
Betty Pryce Jenkins is her father’s chauffeur, and looks after the car entirely. She has lots to do at home, keeping house and helping her father.
Margaret Bourke tells us of her work at the Maidenhead Red Cross Hospital. She is a probationer, and has seen a good many operations.
Mary Bourke is nursing at the Weir Red Cross Hospital at Balham, where there are 160 beds. She has been there nearly a year now, and loves the work.
Iris Lang has been working very hard on the land. She does three whole day, and three half-days a week, and has done ploughing and hoeing and other farm work. She will soon have her “Land Worker ” armlet. In the evenings she helps at the Soldiers’ Recreation Hut, serving tea, coffee, stamps, &c., from 6-9.30 p.m.
Erica Essex was doing Red Cross Hospital work for some months, but the Hospital at which she was working is closed now, and she is doing war work in London.
Madge Rothera, says she is “attempting to fill a man’s place in a Bank until he’s helped England to win the, war and requires his stool again.”
Ruth and Barbara Turfnell are both working at the Braintree Munition Factory. Ruth is inspecting, and Barbara won the competition for turning out the greatest number of shell cases in one week.
Doris Brookes-Smith is taking a dispensing course at the Nottingham University with a view to taking the Apothecaries Hall Assistants’ Examination in October. She has her first aid and home nursing certificates, and hopes to go as a probationer after October to the Ulverston Cottage Hospital till she is old enough to train as a nurse at one of the London Hospital.
Dorothy Lowe is still nursing at the War Hospital, Clopton, Stratford-on-Avon
Dorothy Sayers is French Mistress at the Girls’ High School, Hull.
Dorothy Leeke says: “I am helping to Serve out butter, jam, &c; in the steward’s store; at the 4th Northern General Hospital, Lincoln.”
Mary Allen (Fuller) has gone to Italy to see her husband, whose ship is among those we have lent to Italy – for the duration of the war. Her baby, ”Clarinda,” is living at Weybridge with her grandmother while Mary is abroad.
Irene Wordsworth is taking the full nurses’ training at St. Thomas’ Hospital.
Mabel Stanford is nursing at Highfield Hall, Southampton.
Sybil Stanford is doing pantry work at Elmsleigh Hospital at 5outhanlptun.
Dorothy Taylor tells us of her work at a branch of the War Office. She works from 10 till about 6.30 every day and every other Sunday and likes it very much.
May Douie is nursing at Queen Mary’s Royal Naval and Military Hospital, Southend.
Olivia Wyndham works in a V.A.D. Hospital in Gloucestershire every alternate fortnight, and is on duty from 8am, to 8pm, with two hours off daring the day. She is taking first aid and home nursing lectures now, as the Hospital is closed temporarily.
Ena de Jersey is a “washer-up” at the Guildford Red Cross Hospital.
Estella McKean, is very busy acting as Secretary to the Matron of the Bath War Hospital, which has over bed 500 beds. She says the work is most interesting and she loves it.
Ethel Calvert is working in a Y.M.C.A. Canteen at the big Military Hospital near Leeds. She plays her violin at concerts for charities and for soldiers. She went to Queen’s Hall to sing in the Bach, Beethoven and Brahms Festival last April. Her four brothers are serving. One has been missing since Ypres; we send her our sympathy.
Marjory Pennell is farming.
Marjorie Banks is working at a Hospital Supply Depot at Carshalton, where they make all sorts of things to send out to her father’s Hospital in France.
Grace Cobbold says “I have been doing telephone duty at the big War Hospital, Bath, and am now doing dining room work there, and I am cook at a local Canteen and do Rest Station work when convoys of wounded come in.”
Margaret Housley is studying shorthand in order to fit herself for secretarial or shorthand work.
Marjorie Bucham-Brown is living with a Miss Cobbold in Suffolk, and helping her in the garden and incidentally looking after chickens, ducks, turkeys, and rabbits.
Winifred Ramsay (nee Turner) is with her husband, ‘who is stationed at Ormskirk, working at a big Remount Depot. She was doing Canteen work in Aintree, but they have now stopped all voluntary work there.
E. Gilroy has been at the Clearing Hospital at Havre (No. 2 General) for 15 months, and had seven days’ leave at the New Year. She has been suddenly ordered elsewhere, and is not allowed to tell her people her destination, but they know she is at a big Hospital under canvas. Before she left Havre she had been Sister-in-Charge on night duty in a little ward of seven beds called the acute ward, and bore the great responsibility very well, and was spoken of very highly by the chief surgeon.
Edith Faithfull has been working hard at the Bank of England for four months.
M. Hardy has been driving a van in London to qualify for driving an Ambulance,
Beth Roe is Dispenser to the Royal Hospital for Incurables, and also dispenses for her father.
Gladys Thornndike says: “I am at present engaged in trying to organise the training of the Girl Guides throughout the Empire. I am also G.G. Commissioner for East London, where I have annually to inspect about 46 Companies of Guides (about 1500 Guides). I am also Captain of three Companies of my own in Blackheath, one of them at the High School. My chief work is organising training weeks for G.G. Officers. I am also a member of the Red Cross Society, and although I am not doing any actual nursing at present, owing to lack of time, I am still on air raid duty, which in the neighbourhood of Woolwich is no sinecure.”
Norah Slaney has been nursing at the Military Extension of the North Staffs Infirmary for the last nine months.
Nancy Chalk keeps poultry and helps in the garden at home.
Doris Gowenlock says: “I have been doing farm work and cheesemaking, but at present am helping in our own garden, and shall probably do more farm work later on.”
Marjorie Hardy says, “I have passed the War Office Motor Ambulance test, and am just going out to France to drive a motor ambulance there, we are not definitely told where until we get there. It was rather funny I had to go and sign my name at Devonshire House, in a book, and there I found Ella Burden’s name, 8th Wilts, a few names above.”
Beatrice Greiq has been given a medal, “The Order of St. Solva,” by the Serbian Crown Prince when he was over here, for the splendid work she did in the Serbian Red Cross.
Phillips Kitchener has been working in the G.P.O.
Nancy Thomas has been appointed assistant tutor in the, Social ‘ Science Department of the School of Economics; we wish her all success:
Winifred Knowles is secretary of a War Hospital Supply Depot at Harpenden.
Rita D. Paulley’s (nee Douglas) husband is in Egypt.
Gladys has been busy getting married.
Kathleen Douglas is nursing again.
Louie Evans (nee Foster) is now in England with her two children; her brother Claude is in the 2nd Queen’s; her husband is with the New Zealanders in France.
Audrey Peto is training; as an accountant and auditor, and has completed nineteen months of her apprenticeship.
Vera Barber lives at home and works in the office of a large firm of electrical engineers, Government controlled.
Norah Knight has done nursing at the Devizes Military Hospital, and after a holiday hopes to work at Heywood House Hospital, near Newbury.
Emma Burt is doing nurse work at an Australian Auxiliary Hospital at London, and during her holiday is helping with hay making and fruit picking.
Catharine Capel is nursing at the Cambridge Military Hospital at Aldershot.
Alix Beans (nee Martin) writes from Ontario, Canada, and tells us that her eldest boy Cedric enlisted the week after he was 18, with the 93rd Battalion, which was formed there. He left at the beginning of June for Battlefield Camp, near Kingston, where the 93rd will train till they leave for overseas. Her two brothers have both earned their Commissions.
Margo Mawer was nursing in the V.A.D. Hospital at Wells, till it closed down in April.
Ella Jefferson is making munitions in a small factory in Rothney, Bute, N.B.
Irene Woodman-Smith is working as Surgery- Assistant in Aboyne Auxiliary Hospital; Aberdeenshire.
May Baxter (nee Litherland-Jones) finds time, In spite of four children, to help in the Y.M.C. A. Canteen, at Rock Ferry.
Geraldine Preece is Matrons maid at Kingston Red Cross Hospital.
May Wyld and Mary Wyld during their very hot weather holiday have been doing nursing and massage at a Hospital for wounded from Mesopotamia at Bolarum in the Deccan.
Carola Middlemore is working on a farm, and enjoys her hard work.
Jean Raven (nee Robertson) says, “I am secretary of the Prisoners of War Relief Committee, and have to see to the week’s parcels. Every other week we send each of our men a wooden box containing about 9s. worth of groceries, and the alternate weeks we send 4 lbs. of ship’s biscuits, instead of bread, which has travelled badly the last few weeks. We have boxes for gifts in kind in each grocer`s and tobacconist’s shop, and pack the parcels at a different grocer’s each time, so as to widen the circle of interest! My other `bit’ is to organise the sending of parcels to our local men at the Front – 50 parcels go to individual men each week. I am responsible for 25 of these, collecting the money (mainly in Subscriptions of 2d. a week), keeping, collecting, and revising addresses, &c. The men’s letters of thanks flow in in a steady delightful Stream, and make one feel that it is all very much worth while, as they seem to appreciate so much the fact of being individually thought of. We send socks always, and some of the following: Cake, sweets, cigarettes, kippers, smoked sausages, lemonade powder, handkerchiefs, small medicaments like ‘foot powders,’ boracic ointment. Keatings, and some lovely stuff for keeping flies off one’s face and hands, &c. Each man gets a parcel about once in five weeks. I wish You could see some of the men’s letters, they are always so cheery, and so touchingly grateful, whereas one cannot help feeling all the time that it is we who owe the gratitude I did think of writing about this parcel-sending scheme in the magazine, as there might be some O.G’s who could organise a similar one, if they can neither nurse nor wash-up. The weekly collection of pence brings one into touch with so many of the poorer people who are glad to give – most of my subscribers are voluntary, and the kind of people often who don’t often give to other things. I did not start this, the originators left, and I have gradually had to undertake the responsibilities.”
Ruth Strange is nursing at Newton Red Cross Hospital, Sturminster Marshall. She is theatre sister. Stephanie does housework there, too.
Ruth Williamson has been playing with the “Follies” in Liverpool, but has now gone back to London,
Kathleen Pearce is working in a Military Hospital at Purley, one of the relief Hospitals for Woolwich.
Peggy Coldstream is doing the housekeeping at home, and is busy with her music.
Nellie Kenyon hopes to sail for India on October 20th in order to work under S.P.G, at St. Monica’s Mission, Ahmednagar, in the Bombay Diocese.
Marjorie Strange (Beath) has no time to do special war, as she goes from place to place with her husband and tries to keep him from over-working. He has been very ill, but is better now.
Margery Bush (Scott) is still doing a great part of the cooking in the hospital in their house at Bishop’s Knoll. When the King and Queen visited the hospitals in Bristol Margery and her husband were presented.
Freda Haines helps Margery in the kitchen, and is storeroom maid too.
Edith Roquette (Scott) is in Dublin with her husband; who was sent there during the riots.
Marcia Matthews has had a missionary festival at her School St. Mary’s, Calne – which was much appreciated. There were about 500 people there. The pageant was repeated for the Workhouse people.
Marjorie Burnard is working in her father’s office, keeping a place open for one of the clerks.
Molly Case is helping at a Y.M.C.A. Hut at Corton. She goes for about four half-days a week to relieve the regular workers.

Letter From Malta – Summer 1916

This letter from Miss Fairclough, was written in March, and gives her first impressions of the hospital at Malta, where she is in charge of the kitchen:

4, Strada Kirscia,
St. Julian’s Bay,
Sheina,
Malta.

Beneath a white green-lined parasol I look at the word March, which has just been written, and then gaze with admiration at the gorgeous blue sky peeping through the trees, and wonder if June ought not to have been put instead. It is perfectly glorious weather at present, and the sea lives up to its name of blue Mediterranean, and is so clear that one wants to bathe at once.
I am particularly enjoying to-day as it is my second day off since arriving in January, as work naturally occupies nearly all and every day. My first invalid kitchen was in a 12ft. square tent, beloved of all winds that blow, and was hardly ever still; but one day a very grand General indeed came to inspect, and as the fluttering canvas nearly knocked off his lovely gold-embroidered cap, and the tin draught-screen round the oil stove played muffled thunder as it waved to and fro, he raised his voice to remark, “You must have a wooden hut.” The wooden hut materialised into two rooms in a Married Quarters’ Block, near an operating theatre and a dentist-so the blend of ether, gas, and fried onions in that corner is considered very fine. The work itself is very much the same as kitchen work in a Red Cross Hospital at home, except that more Army routine has to be followed in the drawing of stores, clean towels, oil and coal. The patients catered for are not many in proportion to the numbers in the Hospital, but are quite enough to make the hours from 9 to 12 extremely busy, especially when four different kinds of diet must be arranged-such as when ten men may have beef fillets, mashed potatoes, and tomato sauce, and treacle sponge to follow; 14 others will have haricot beans and tomato sauce, with a milk jelly to follow, and perhaps three need chicken creams and milk or egg jelly.
The dinners are served at any time between 12 to 12.30; it depends upon the time the ward orderlies arrive, after which cold things for the next day are begun-the orderly going off for his dinner first, and later I depart for mine, after which we mutually tidy up and get away any time from 2.45 to 3.15 generally the latter now. There seems more work in a house than in a tent, although we have practically the same furniture, but it is now spread over a larger space.
Two more kitchens are to be opened in other hospitals, and it is very interesting going to see them and their different situations, as some hospitals are under canvas, others in beautiful old buildings, some in converted barracks and so on.
Malta is a curious rocky land, and historically most fascinating. I was remarking on the majesty of the old fortifications to a lady the other day, who told me they had been built originally by Turkish prisoners, who were kept ill underground chambers now used as granaries. I had wondered what these granaries were or could have been, because one walks over a large paved space with little square openings at regular intervals, on top of each of which is placed a large round stone like a mill stone with a number stamped on it, and these spaces are the roofs of the granaries, and the now covered squares were the only means of entrance of air and light, and the unfortunate prisoners were lowered into them nightly, and taken out to work during the day. [It gives one a shock to see a basket load of hay being drawn up by means of a chain and pulley, and to think it once could have been a human being.]
At one time I used to go to my work through passages made through the fortification walls, and across a drawbridge over a deep moat, and was surprised at the length of the passages and wished them shorter. They are now used as roads to take the goats out of the town into the country. It was quite amusing to emerge down some very, rough steps, into a large space where donkeys were always waiting to be harnessed to little flat no-sided carts, one of which invariably started to bray and set off the whole set.
The other day I went to call at a beautiful old fort, and was given tea out of doors on the rocks, overlooking one of the harbours, and sat on grass – a fact worth mentioning, as there is not a great deal here, though the wild flowers are lovely. We spent a very entertaining time watching the little launches, locally called Puffers, dash across from landing-stage to landing-stage, while being Saturday there were many charming little sailing boats scudding along, with here and there a big ship, all no the exquisite blue-green water.
At present I am sitting in a garden under orange trees, just beginning to bloom, under which are arum lilies also in bloom, while figs, apricots and almond trees take up the rest of the space. You would have loved the violets, and the flower sellers’ baskets now are the most exquisite still life flower groups one could find the natives have an extraordinarily happy talent in the grouping of colours in these, though not so successful in placing colours in a garden.
It is so lovely out here this afternoon, and when the bees hum I immediately picture the Hut and its surroundings. What makes it more Forestry than ever is the sound of a distant clucking hen.
If you think this letter worth putting in the Magazine please do, but it has had to be rather stiffly written on account of Censor rules, and also because I promised not to write for the Public Press before leaving home, and though the Magazine can hardly he called the Public Press, still it is as well not to transgress. I have written to Miss Douglas to give an account of my routine, and If there were any Items in it you thought suitable to add to the above I don’t suppose it would matter. How I wish I could say more: but it’s no use running the risk of having the whole letter destroyed.
The work is fascinating, not so much from the actual cooking point of view, but from the organisation point, and how to circumvent the appalling red tape, and as they have asked me to organise two more kitchens, and train the helpers to a certain extent, I feel that it has been worth while coming out here, and the experience is invaluable.
The present acting Red Cross Head is Mrs. Radcliffe, whose husband, Colonel Radcliff, is on the staff here, and they live at the Palace, and when I had to see her the other night she remarked on my shoulder badges, and asked whereabouts, in Wilts my Detachment Home was, so I said Salisbury, whereupon she remarked, “Oh, that’s where the Godolphin School is that Lord Methuen is always talking about: do you know it?”
The Palace is a beautiful building, and it was most interesting seeing at least some of it. I intend trying to see the State Rooms, which are open to the public, which contain some very interesting things.
With very kindest remembrances to all.
I remain,
Yours affectionately,
MARGARET FAIRCLOUGH