War Work in Western Canada – Christmas 1916

Although 5000 miles from the Motherland, the women of Calgary work as arduously and are quite as enthusiastic as those in England. It would take a great deal of time and paper to describe the war-work that all the different societies are accomplishing here day by day; but I thought it might interest you to hear what our branch of the Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire are doing.
No doubt only a few of you know when this Order was first formed. Towards the end of the Boer War the Guild of Loyal Women was started in South Africa to care for the graves of the fallen. In conjunc­tion with this, shortly afterwards Mrs. Clerke Murray organised the I.O.D.E. in Toronto to increase patriotism in Canada, and to provide an efficient organisation by which prompt action might be taken by the women and children of the Empire in time of need. It is affiliated with the Navy League and the Victoria League.
There are four Primary Chapters I.O.D.E. in Calgary, and I belong to the Tan-nis-uk (Indian word=the daughter) Chapter, which obtained its charter in February, 1914, and is composed of young women of the City.
This Chapter was the first organisation to take up Red Cross work in Calgary, and since then that work has been its chief ambition. By diligent and faithful efforts material averaging monthly in value from $150 to $200 has been purchased from the Red Cross, and returned to it made into thousands and thousands of articles, required by that Society. The sum of $350 was also presented to the Red Cross to purchase seven beds in the Duchess of Connaught Red Cross Hospital, at Cliveden, England, the sum of $50 was given to buy towels for the above, and also to assist in purchasing a motor ambulance and medical supplies for the Society’s work at the Front. $70 was sent to Lady Jellicoe’s Fund for the North Sea Fleet.
There are numerous other ways in which our Chapter has been carry­ing on its war work, such as assistance to the Belgian Relief Fund, and the visiting of the dependents of the soldiers for the Patriotic Fund.
All the money expended by the Chapter has been raised by voluntary contributions, Cinderella dances, afternoon teas, and concerts.

E. R. BURNE. (Wolley-Dod).

News of Old Mistresses and Old Girls – Summer 1916

Nora Bingham has been very busy at Leeds making sandbags. She has been Hon. Secretary to the Committee for this work, and their work grew so rapidly that they were made officially the Depot for Yorkshire.

K. Garmons William. writes from Bart’s, Hospital. She sends a most Interesting description of the arrangements in the Hospital and of her work. She passed her first examination in October, and is now a Stall nurse.
Barbara Garmons Williams has been cooking at a Red Cross Hospital at Chepstow.
C. Peel is working two or three afternoons a week at an Auxiliary Military Hospital in Southall, in the kitchen department.
Molly Sanctuary is helping with Girl Guides at a European School in Calcutta, in addition to her own work there.
Molly Sanctuary has just passed her massage examination. She has had hard work, as what generally takes a year was crowded into six months, as masseuses are so badly needed. She has now joined the Almeric Paget Corps, and has been, sent to Seaford Camp.
Susan Sanctuary is at No. 13 General Hospital, at Boulogne. and before that she was nursing at Versailles. Both their brothers are at the Front.
France Lewarne has done a spell in the Exeter Hospital; and tells, us that Muriel, has been there for a Year, and is telephone clerk. hall porter, and general message runner.
T. Smith says:” I am Secretary to Mr. T. C. Smith (no relation), the head of the wages’ section. He is very able and very kind and charming, which makes the post a very pleasant one. The chief drawback (if there is a drawback) is the length of the working hours; in the winter we used to be kept till 7.30 or, 8p.m. nearly every evening and occasionally later, but now it is generally possible to get away earlier. The work itself is rather difficult to describe, being variegated, and consisting largely in diverting as much work as possible off my Chief and imposing it on other people; `work’ in this case including callers and telephone calls and letters.”
Gladys Scott has a most interesting post as Secretary to Mr. L. Curtis, the, author of the book just published by Macmillan called “The Problem of the Commonwealth,” a book full of interest at the present time and heartily to be recommended.
Cathmar Eustace (nee Airy) writes front Wellington College, and says: “All the boys go into Woolwich or Sandhurst, and all of us College folk are busy with our fine Depot in the village for War Hospital Supply.” Her youngest brother has been all through Gallipoli, and came home on sick leave after miraculous escapes. Her husband is in group 41, called up for May 29th, but Mr. Vaughan is asking for his postponement as the tutors are so very necessary.
Dorothy Sanders is in No. 1 Hospital, Exeter, Edith Read in No. 2, and Lilian Soutwood in No. 3.
Auriol Parish is helping Mr. Frederick, her step-father, in his School, Aldwick Place, Bognor.
Doris Lenton is still at Cordwalles, Maritzburg. She has decided not to come home this year, and so has made it easier for the junior master to come to Europe with the South African Contingent.
Nancy Humphreys is nursing in the County of Cornwall Royal Naval Auxiliary Hospital.
Gwynnyth Hope is nursing in the American Women’s War Hospital in Paignton, quite a model Hospital, in the beautiful house of Mrs. Paris Singer.
Cicely Janson is working in the Military Hospital in Malta.
Path Thatcher (Trethowan) and Dorothy Sheldon Williams are living together while their husbands are away.
Evelyn Du Buissom is working in the Red Cross Hospital at Guildford as emergency ward maid, and they seem to require her services very often. She is also learning type-writing and shorthand, so as to be ready to help in her father’s office if needed. Red Cross cooking lessons also employ part of her time.
Dorothy Le Cren is in a Bank at Dartmouth, and likes the work very much.
Molly Thomas has been working for some months at the National and Provincial Bank in High Street, Kensington.
Miss Edwards writes how glad she was to see Olga Thompson (nee Baillie Grohman) in the “Walmer” on her way back to B.E.A., via the Cape. Miss Edwards says of her own work in Grahamstown: “Things go on happily here. The girls are being very nice.” She says Miss Jones minds very much being “out” of things, and “it actively hurts her not to be there in England.”
Marcia Mathews is very happy in her work at St Mary-‘s School, Calne, and the, School is growing.
Audrey Currey has been getting up a garden fete in aid of War Funds. Miss Jones’ small niece and nephew were among the performers.
Winifred Osborne has been staying near Crape Town while Parliament was there. She is Secretary to one of the members. She met Miss Ralph there, and knew her, though she was just “running up” after a bathe.
Agnes Robb is in a Bank in London.
Pera has been to stay at Nelson House, and gave great pleasure with her singing.
Dorothy Vicary is clerk in one of the offices of the Sutton Military Hospital.
Muriel is working at the Dressing Depot, and she does all the gardening, too, as they have no gardener.
Dorothy Macdonald is nursing at King’s College Hospital.
Kathleen Ashford is teaching gym at Berkhamstead. She trains Girl Guides in leisure moments. Bessie and Dorothy getting quite clever on the land, showing how well women can do that work.
Lord Methuen came to inspect one of the Hospitals where Miss Fairclough is, working, and when she introduced herself to him as having come from the Godolphin he said nice things about us and how proud he was to belong to us. Fairclough says Lord Methuen has a wonderful memory for faces and whenever he meets her now he asks if she has heard from 5alisbury.
Mary Sale is Matron at Oaklands Court, St Peter’s, in Thanet – a Boys’ Preparatory School.
Joyce Osmond is doing a great deal in the garden, and making it pay too.
Urith Huyshe is doing Secretary work for the Exeter War Depot.
Mary Huyshe is getting up an entertainment with her infant’s at St. Martin’s Schools on July 10th for raising funds for feeding the Belgian children under German rule.
Irene Maude is much, stronger. She has a post at Harrogate, in St. Ethelburga’s.
Margaret Tracey is working un the King Edward Hospital, Bristol.
Hilda Nixon (Scott) writes from Benha, Egypt. She and her husband being the only British, have to do a great deal towards entertaining and helping the soldiers who are in hospital there.
Lucy Seton has been nursing since July 31st, 1915, and is now at the Weir Hospital, Balham.
Joyce Newman has been nursing at the Dover Military Hospital for 13 months, and finds the work tremendously interesting. She is probably leaving in September to take up her School work again.
Hope Paley says: “I am an Assistant Organiser of Children’s Care Committees under the London County Council, and find the work most interesting.”
Irene Oldham works as a V.A.D. member at Abbots Barton Hospital, Canterbury, and also at the Kensington War Supply Depot.
Agatha Lumby says: “All the week I work at the National Training School of Domestic Economy, and on Saturday afternoons and Sunday mornings I help as general bottle-washer at a Hospital in Queen’s Gate.”
Nell Fitzherbert is now a Chartered Accountant’s clerk. She says: “I work in an office in Lincoln’s Inn from 9.45-6, and find the work most varied, congenial and Interesting. I am uncommonly lucky in having got into a particularly nice office, the only other girl working there being a friend of mine, and we work together mostly.”
Phil and Kitty Stewart are working very hard gardening, growing vegetables, and housework, and have their names down for work on the land as soon as they are wanted.
Muriel Young has Just been doing housemaid’s work for six months at a Nursing Home for Officers in London.
Betty Whately teaches her small sister, and spends a great deal of her spare time helping at a Depot for making bandages, &c., for the hospitals. She also helps at one of the Y.M.C.A Huts once a week.
Naomi Legge has a post at the War Trades Department. Where she has been for over a mouth, and likes the work very much.
Annette Ludlow-Hewitt says: “I have been nursing in a Red Cross Hospital for six months, and now at home helping in the hayfields.”
Rose and Sylvia Toms are still working at the Officers Convalescent Home at Watermouth Castle, near Ilfracombe.
Nora Montgomery has been working at Liverpool as a waitress at a Luncheon Club for Lady Clerks. It is called “The City Girls’ Club.”, in connection with the Y.W.C.A. She also helps one night a week at the Bidston Y.M.C.A Canteen.
Florence Bradford helps with the cooking at the Paignton Red Cross Hospital.
Marjorie Napier is working in the Intelligence Division of the Admiralty, and is very much interested in her work.
Lois Mason says: “At the present moment I am learning shorthand, &c., as I have been invalided out of the Hospital, and am hoping to get a war job in September.”
Margaret Baynes is working in the laundry at the V.A.D. Hospital, Standish House, Gloucester.
Esther Field, is still nursing at a Hospital in Oxford, where she has been nine months.
Edith and Cicely Porter are both nursing at a Hospital near Sheffield.
Enid Butler is a probationer at St. Thomas’ Hospital, going in for the regular three years’ training.
Norah Chapman is working at St. Mary’s Hospital, Worthing.
Ruby Convention is helping in all sorts of ways at Oxford, meeting Ambulance trains and looking after the stretchers, &c., packing and unpacking hospital things, besides running a “Wolf Cub Pack” (Junior Scouts) and teaching Board School children how to swim, &c.
Katharine Jarrett says: “I have been at Hornsey Cottage Hospital for six months, and I’m having a holiday just now. I am starting work again next week, and am going to Endell Street Military Hospital.”
Irene Ruttledge is helping at a Home for Soldiers in Fermoy.
Ella Burden has most interesting work in France in No. 1 B.R.C. Hospital, where she is a probationer. The nurses all live in a hotel close by, and are looked after by other V.A.D.’s. She says it is a most delightful Hospital near the sea, and with pine woods all round. She is in one of the big surgical wards.
Lacy Panting (Partridge) has plenty to do in her own home and looking after her family.
Mary Partridge works in her garden at home, and helps at the Attleborough Red Cross Needlework Depot.
Mildred Partridge is doing temporary gardening work wherever she is wanted.
Alice Foljambe has done a long spell at Acton making munitions. She is now a milkmaid on a farm.
V. Trevor Thomas is working in a small V.A.D. Hospital near Newport, and also goes one day a week to mend uniforms in a Hospital and another day a week to serve in a Canteen for ammunition Factory.
Audrey Randall is doing, V.A.D. work and at a Red Cross Hospital at Reigate.
Lynton Crabtree, helps at the Y.M.C.A. Hut Canteen at the Military Hospital in Halifax. She also works for the “Girl Guide Movement” and often plays at the Soldiers’ Wives’ Clubs.
Phyllis Horne is a cook at a V.A.D hospital at Ottermead, Ottershaw.
Enid Alexander is registered for work on the land, such as on haymaking and harvesting.
Edith Talbot, has been nursing for 18 months, and is now working in her father’s law office.
Margaret Talbot is still going on with her physical training for children.
Dacre Alexander is at the London (Royal Free Hospital) School of Medicine for Women, and takes her first medical examination on July 10th.
Gladys Crombie is still working in the Munition Workers’ Canteen, Woolwich, and she says if any Old Girl wants to do some work in August, the Secretary, Drill Hall, Woolwich, will be only too glad of their help.
Katharine Sydenham is working in a herb garden in Bucks.
Dorothy S. Denham has been in the Military Hospital, Red Cross, at Devonport since last August.
Marian Tatham is working at the War Office in Whitehall (Registry), and lives at Bedford House, York Place, Portman Square.
Betty Alexander says: “I am doing gardening, growing vegetables in particular, in a large patch of my own.”
May Smart is doing canteen work for the men at the Woolwich Arsenal.
Margaret Brown works at a Y.M.C.A. Canteen in the Richmond Park Camp. She also belongs to an Orchestra, which sometimes gives concerts for the soldier.
Edith Villar is working for her drawing examination, which takes place next June. She says she is doing a certain amount of war work, too.
Bythia Hawkins says: “I am working for Matriculation with a view to taking, a London B.A. degree, and then qualifying as a teaching missionary.”
Winifred Blackett is a V.A.D. cook in a Red Cross Hospital at Guildford.
Rosalind Bowker is in France, where she is doing Rest Station work and nursing. She has just been home on leave.
Cecil Lock nurses in a V.A.D. Hospital at Oxford.
Lorna Wells says: “At present I am working up for the, Junior Examination of the College of Preceptors, preparatory to going in for dispensing, which I hope to do afterwards. My exam is in September.”
Betty Pryce Jenkins is her father’s chauffeur, and looks after the car entirely. She has lots to do at home, keeping house and helping her father.
Margaret Bourke tells us of her work at the Maidenhead Red Cross Hospital. She is a probationer, and has seen a good many operations.
Mary Bourke is nursing at the Weir Red Cross Hospital at Balham, where there are 160 beds. She has been there nearly a year now, and loves the work.
Iris Lang has been working very hard on the land. She does three whole day, and three half-days a week, and has done ploughing and hoeing and other farm work. She will soon have her “Land Worker ” armlet. In the evenings she helps at the Soldiers’ Recreation Hut, serving tea, coffee, stamps, &c., from 6-9.30 p.m.
Erica Essex was doing Red Cross Hospital work for some months, but the Hospital at which she was working is closed now, and she is doing war work in London.
Madge Rothera, says she is “attempting to fill a man’s place in a Bank until he’s helped England to win the, war and requires his stool again.”
Ruth and Barbara Turfnell are both working at the Braintree Munition Factory. Ruth is inspecting, and Barbara won the competition for turning out the greatest number of shell cases in one week.
Doris Brookes-Smith is taking a dispensing course at the Nottingham University with a view to taking the Apothecaries Hall Assistants’ Examination in October. She has her first aid and home nursing certificates, and hopes to go as a probationer after October to the Ulverston Cottage Hospital till she is old enough to train as a nurse at one of the London Hospital.
Dorothy Lowe is still nursing at the War Hospital, Clopton, Stratford-on-Avon
Dorothy Sayers is French Mistress at the Girls’ High School, Hull.
Dorothy Leeke says: “I am helping to Serve out butter, jam, &c; in the steward’s store; at the 4th Northern General Hospital, Lincoln.”
Mary Allen (Fuller) has gone to Italy to see her husband, whose ship is among those we have lent to Italy – for the duration of the war. Her baby, ”Clarinda,” is living at Weybridge with her grandmother while Mary is abroad.
Irene Wordsworth is taking the full nurses’ training at St. Thomas’ Hospital.
Mabel Stanford is nursing at Highfield Hall, Southampton.
Sybil Stanford is doing pantry work at Elmsleigh Hospital at 5outhanlptun.
Dorothy Taylor tells us of her work at a branch of the War Office. She works from 10 till about 6.30 every day and every other Sunday and likes it very much.
May Douie is nursing at Queen Mary’s Royal Naval and Military Hospital, Southend.
Olivia Wyndham works in a V.A.D. Hospital in Gloucestershire every alternate fortnight, and is on duty from 8am, to 8pm, with two hours off daring the day. She is taking first aid and home nursing lectures now, as the Hospital is closed temporarily.
Ena de Jersey is a “washer-up” at the Guildford Red Cross Hospital.
Estella McKean, is very busy acting as Secretary to the Matron of the Bath War Hospital, which has over bed 500 beds. She says the work is most interesting and she loves it.
Ethel Calvert is working in a Y.M.C.A. Canteen at the big Military Hospital near Leeds. She plays her violin at concerts for charities and for soldiers. She went to Queen’s Hall to sing in the Bach, Beethoven and Brahms Festival last April. Her four brothers are serving. One has been missing since Ypres; we send her our sympathy.
Marjory Pennell is farming.
Marjorie Banks is working at a Hospital Supply Depot at Carshalton, where they make all sorts of things to send out to her father’s Hospital in France.
Grace Cobbold says “I have been doing telephone duty at the big War Hospital, Bath, and am now doing dining room work there, and I am cook at a local Canteen and do Rest Station work when convoys of wounded come in.”
Margaret Housley is studying shorthand in order to fit herself for secretarial or shorthand work.
Marjorie Bucham-Brown is living with a Miss Cobbold in Suffolk, and helping her in the garden and incidentally looking after chickens, ducks, turkeys, and rabbits.
Winifred Ramsay (nee Turner) is with her husband, ‘who is stationed at Ormskirk, working at a big Remount Depot. She was doing Canteen work in Aintree, but they have now stopped all voluntary work there.
E. Gilroy has been at the Clearing Hospital at Havre (No. 2 General) for 15 months, and had seven days’ leave at the New Year. She has been suddenly ordered elsewhere, and is not allowed to tell her people her destination, but they know she is at a big Hospital under canvas. Before she left Havre she had been Sister-in-Charge on night duty in a little ward of seven beds called the acute ward, and bore the great responsibility very well, and was spoken of very highly by the chief surgeon.
Edith Faithfull has been working hard at the Bank of England for four months.
M. Hardy has been driving a van in London to qualify for driving an Ambulance,
Beth Roe is Dispenser to the Royal Hospital for Incurables, and also dispenses for her father.
Gladys Thornndike says: “I am at present engaged in trying to organise the training of the Girl Guides throughout the Empire. I am also G.G. Commissioner for East London, where I have annually to inspect about 46 Companies of Guides (about 1500 Guides). I am also Captain of three Companies of my own in Blackheath, one of them at the High School. My chief work is organising training weeks for G.G. Officers. I am also a member of the Red Cross Society, and although I am not doing any actual nursing at present, owing to lack of time, I am still on air raid duty, which in the neighbourhood of Woolwich is no sinecure.”
Norah Slaney has been nursing at the Military Extension of the North Staffs Infirmary for the last nine months.
Nancy Chalk keeps poultry and helps in the garden at home.
Doris Gowenlock says: “I have been doing farm work and cheesemaking, but at present am helping in our own garden, and shall probably do more farm work later on.”
Marjorie Hardy says, “I have passed the War Office Motor Ambulance test, and am just going out to France to drive a motor ambulance there, we are not definitely told where until we get there. It was rather funny I had to go and sign my name at Devonshire House, in a book, and there I found Ella Burden’s name, 8th Wilts, a few names above.”
Beatrice Greiq has been given a medal, “The Order of St. Solva,” by the Serbian Crown Prince when he was over here, for the splendid work she did in the Serbian Red Cross.
Phillips Kitchener has been working in the G.P.O.
Nancy Thomas has been appointed assistant tutor in the, Social ‘ Science Department of the School of Economics; we wish her all success:
Winifred Knowles is secretary of a War Hospital Supply Depot at Harpenden.
Rita D. Paulley’s (nee Douglas) husband is in Egypt.
Gladys has been busy getting married.
Kathleen Douglas is nursing again.
Louie Evans (nee Foster) is now in England with her two children; her brother Claude is in the 2nd Queen’s; her husband is with the New Zealanders in France.
Audrey Peto is training; as an accountant and auditor, and has completed nineteen months of her apprenticeship.
Vera Barber lives at home and works in the office of a large firm of electrical engineers, Government controlled.
Norah Knight has done nursing at the Devizes Military Hospital, and after a holiday hopes to work at Heywood House Hospital, near Newbury.
Emma Burt is doing nurse work at an Australian Auxiliary Hospital at London, and during her holiday is helping with hay making and fruit picking.
Catharine Capel is nursing at the Cambridge Military Hospital at Aldershot.
Alix Beans (nee Martin) writes from Ontario, Canada, and tells us that her eldest boy Cedric enlisted the week after he was 18, with the 93rd Battalion, which was formed there. He left at the beginning of June for Battlefield Camp, near Kingston, where the 93rd will train till they leave for overseas. Her two brothers have both earned their Commissions.
Margo Mawer was nursing in the V.A.D. Hospital at Wells, till it closed down in April.
Ella Jefferson is making munitions in a small factory in Rothney, Bute, N.B.
Irene Woodman-Smith is working as Surgery- Assistant in Aboyne Auxiliary Hospital; Aberdeenshire.
May Baxter (nee Litherland-Jones) finds time, In spite of four children, to help in the Y.M.C. A. Canteen, at Rock Ferry.
Geraldine Preece is Matrons maid at Kingston Red Cross Hospital.
May Wyld and Mary Wyld during their very hot weather holiday have been doing nursing and massage at a Hospital for wounded from Mesopotamia at Bolarum in the Deccan.
Carola Middlemore is working on a farm, and enjoys her hard work.
Jean Raven (nee Robertson) says, “I am secretary of the Prisoners of War Relief Committee, and have to see to the week’s parcels. Every other week we send each of our men a wooden box containing about 9s. worth of groceries, and the alternate weeks we send 4 lbs. of ship’s biscuits, instead of bread, which has travelled badly the last few weeks. We have boxes for gifts in kind in each grocer`s and tobacconist’s shop, and pack the parcels at a different grocer’s each time, so as to widen the circle of interest! My other `bit’ is to organise the sending of parcels to our local men at the Front – 50 parcels go to individual men each week. I am responsible for 25 of these, collecting the money (mainly in Subscriptions of 2d. a week), keeping, collecting, and revising addresses, &c. The men’s letters of thanks flow in in a steady delightful Stream, and make one feel that it is all very much worth while, as they seem to appreciate so much the fact of being individually thought of. We send socks always, and some of the following: Cake, sweets, cigarettes, kippers, smoked sausages, lemonade powder, handkerchiefs, small medicaments like ‘foot powders,’ boracic ointment. Keatings, and some lovely stuff for keeping flies off one’s face and hands, &c. Each man gets a parcel about once in five weeks. I wish You could see some of the men’s letters, they are always so cheery, and so touchingly grateful, whereas one cannot help feeling all the time that it is we who owe the gratitude I did think of writing about this parcel-sending scheme in the magazine, as there might be some O.G’s who could organise a similar one, if they can neither nurse nor wash-up. The weekly collection of pence brings one into touch with so many of the poorer people who are glad to give – most of my subscribers are voluntary, and the kind of people often who don’t often give to other things. I did not start this, the originators left, and I have gradually had to undertake the responsibilities.”
Ruth Strange is nursing at Newton Red Cross Hospital, Sturminster Marshall. She is theatre sister. Stephanie does housework there, too.
Ruth Williamson has been playing with the “Follies” in Liverpool, but has now gone back to London,
Kathleen Pearce is working in a Military Hospital at Purley, one of the relief Hospitals for Woolwich.
Peggy Coldstream is doing the housekeeping at home, and is busy with her music.
Nellie Kenyon hopes to sail for India on October 20th in order to work under S.P.G, at St. Monica’s Mission, Ahmednagar, in the Bombay Diocese.
Marjorie Strange (Beath) has no time to do special war, as she goes from place to place with her husband and tries to keep him from over-working. He has been very ill, but is better now.
Margery Bush (Scott) is still doing a great part of the cooking in the hospital in their house at Bishop’s Knoll. When the King and Queen visited the hospitals in Bristol Margery and her husband were presented.
Freda Haines helps Margery in the kitchen, and is storeroom maid too.
Edith Roquette (Scott) is in Dublin with her husband; who was sent there during the riots.
Marcia Matthews has had a missionary festival at her School St. Mary’s, Calne – which was much appreciated. There were about 500 people there. The pageant was repeated for the Workhouse people.
Marjorie Burnard is working in her father’s office, keeping a place open for one of the clerks.
Molly Case is helping at a Y.M.C.A. Hut at Corton. She goes for about four half-days a week to relieve the regular workers.

Letter From Malta – Summer 1916

This letter from Miss Fairclough, was written in March, and gives her first impressions of the hospital at Malta, where she is in charge of the kitchen:

4, Strada Kirscia,
St. Julian’s Bay,
Sheina,
Malta.

Beneath a white green-lined parasol I look at the word March, which has just been written, and then gaze with admiration at the gorgeous blue sky peeping through the trees, and wonder if June ought not to have been put instead. It is perfectly glorious weather at present, and the sea lives up to its name of blue Mediterranean, and is so clear that one wants to bathe at once.
I am particularly enjoying to-day as it is my second day off since arriving in January, as work naturally occupies nearly all and every day. My first invalid kitchen was in a 12ft. square tent, beloved of all winds that blow, and was hardly ever still; but one day a very grand General indeed came to inspect, and as the fluttering canvas nearly knocked off his lovely gold-embroidered cap, and the tin draught-screen round the oil stove played muffled thunder as it waved to and fro, he raised his voice to remark, “You must have a wooden hut.” The wooden hut materialised into two rooms in a Married Quarters’ Block, near an operating theatre and a dentist-so the blend of ether, gas, and fried onions in that corner is considered very fine. The work itself is very much the same as kitchen work in a Red Cross Hospital at home, except that more Army routine has to be followed in the drawing of stores, clean towels, oil and coal. The patients catered for are not many in proportion to the numbers in the Hospital, but are quite enough to make the hours from 9 to 12 extremely busy, especially when four different kinds of diet must be arranged-such as when ten men may have beef fillets, mashed potatoes, and tomato sauce, and treacle sponge to follow; 14 others will have haricot beans and tomato sauce, with a milk jelly to follow, and perhaps three need chicken creams and milk or egg jelly.
The dinners are served at any time between 12 to 12.30; it depends upon the time the ward orderlies arrive, after which cold things for the next day are begun-the orderly going off for his dinner first, and later I depart for mine, after which we mutually tidy up and get away any time from 2.45 to 3.15 generally the latter now. There seems more work in a house than in a tent, although we have practically the same furniture, but it is now spread over a larger space.
Two more kitchens are to be opened in other hospitals, and it is very interesting going to see them and their different situations, as some hospitals are under canvas, others in beautiful old buildings, some in converted barracks and so on.
Malta is a curious rocky land, and historically most fascinating. I was remarking on the majesty of the old fortifications to a lady the other day, who told me they had been built originally by Turkish prisoners, who were kept ill underground chambers now used as granaries. I had wondered what these granaries were or could have been, because one walks over a large paved space with little square openings at regular intervals, on top of each of which is placed a large round stone like a mill stone with a number stamped on it, and these spaces are the roofs of the granaries, and the now covered squares were the only means of entrance of air and light, and the unfortunate prisoners were lowered into them nightly, and taken out to work during the day. [It gives one a shock to see a basket load of hay being drawn up by means of a chain and pulley, and to think it once could have been a human being.]
At one time I used to go to my work through passages made through the fortification walls, and across a drawbridge over a deep moat, and was surprised at the length of the passages and wished them shorter. They are now used as roads to take the goats out of the town into the country. It was quite amusing to emerge down some very, rough steps, into a large space where donkeys were always waiting to be harnessed to little flat no-sided carts, one of which invariably started to bray and set off the whole set.
The other day I went to call at a beautiful old fort, and was given tea out of doors on the rocks, overlooking one of the harbours, and sat on grass – a fact worth mentioning, as there is not a great deal here, though the wild flowers are lovely. We spent a very entertaining time watching the little launches, locally called Puffers, dash across from landing-stage to landing-stage, while being Saturday there were many charming little sailing boats scudding along, with here and there a big ship, all no the exquisite blue-green water.
At present I am sitting in a garden under orange trees, just beginning to bloom, under which are arum lilies also in bloom, while figs, apricots and almond trees take up the rest of the space. You would have loved the violets, and the flower sellers’ baskets now are the most exquisite still life flower groups one could find the natives have an extraordinarily happy talent in the grouping of colours in these, though not so successful in placing colours in a garden.
It is so lovely out here this afternoon, and when the bees hum I immediately picture the Hut and its surroundings. What makes it more Forestry than ever is the sound of a distant clucking hen.
If you think this letter worth putting in the Magazine please do, but it has had to be rather stiffly written on account of Censor rules, and also because I promised not to write for the Public Press before leaving home, and though the Magazine can hardly he called the Public Press, still it is as well not to transgress. I have written to Miss Douglas to give an account of my routine, and If there were any Items in it you thought suitable to add to the above I don’t suppose it would matter. How I wish I could say more: but it’s no use running the risk of having the whole letter destroyed.
The work is fascinating, not so much from the actual cooking point of view, but from the organisation point, and how to circumvent the appalling red tape, and as they have asked me to organise two more kitchens, and train the helpers to a certain extent, I feel that it has been worth while coming out here, and the experience is invaluable.
The present acting Red Cross Head is Mrs. Radcliffe, whose husband, Colonel Radcliff, is on the staff here, and they live at the Palace, and when I had to see her the other night she remarked on my shoulder badges, and asked whereabouts, in Wilts my Detachment Home was, so I said Salisbury, whereupon she remarked, “Oh, that’s where the Godolphin School is that Lord Methuen is always talking about: do you know it?”
The Palace is a beautiful building, and it was most interesting seeing at least some of it. I intend trying to see the State Rooms, which are open to the public, which contain some very interesting things.
With very kindest remembrances to all.
I remain,
Yours affectionately,
MARGARET FAIRCLOUGH

The Red Cross Matinee – Summer 1916

You asked me to send you a short account of the Special Red Cross Matinee, which was given on May 2nd, at Drury Lane, during the Shakespeare Tercentenary Festival.
Mr. Ben Greet’s Company with whom I have been working all the winter at the Royal Victoria Hall, more generally known as the “Old Vic,” were asked to represent the “Winter’s Tale” episode in the Pagent of Shakespeare’s Plays, which followed the command performance of “Julius Caesar.”
It is difficult to say which were the most interesting to gaze at, the performers or the audience.
The King and Queen were present, and number of the Royal family, and those theatrical celebrities, who were not on the stage were certainly in the stalls.
The whole play of Julius Caesar was given at the special request of the Queen; and the crowd scenes, in which we all took part, were thrilling, led by Gerald du Maurier and A. E. George, on the immense stage of the “Lane,” with the most beautiful Roman scenery.
There was much consternation when Caesar’s ghost could not be found for his appearance in the Tent scene: but a little later on the truant ghost was led forward by Sir George Alexander, who explained, to the delight of all, that the delay had been caused by the King having just conferred the honour of knighthood on Mr. Benson, and the ceremony had taken longer than they expected, as no sword could be found, until someone thought of the “property room,” were one of shining “theatrical steel” was discovered.
The staging for the Pageant, which followed “Julius Caesar” was wonderful. In a few moments, by means of the machinery under the stage, which is just like the engine-room of some enormous ship, the whole stage was turned into a huge black staircase, each step having a black and white check border. Large, grey pillars filled in the wings, and the heavy, grey curtains at the back, through which the figures appeared, made a most effective setting.
Eight plays were chosen, “Romeo and Juliet”, “The Merchant of Venice”, “The Merry Wives of Windsor”, “Much Ado About Nothing”, “As You Like It”, “Twelfth Night”, “Coriolanus” and “The Winter’s Tale”.
The figures moved quickly down the staircase, a few minutes being allowed to each episode for a little grouping and movement, and as one story reached the footlights at the bottom of the staircase, and then vanished right underneath the stage, the herald of the next episode appeared through the top curtains.
The most interesting of the characters were the “Volumnia” in the “Coriolanus” episode, of Miss Genevieve Ward, who at 83 has returned to the stage in the cause of War charity, and is now working hard at His Majesty’s. The “Hermione” of Miss Mary Anderson in the “Winter’s Tale”, and above all the ”Portia” of Miss Ellen Terry, still with all the charm that is hers alone, in the “Merchant of Venice” episode, which was arranged by her daughter, Miss Edith Craig.
Last of all the curtains at the top of the staircase were drawn, and a bust of Shakespeare was seen, with Ellen Terry and Genevieve Ward standing on either side, representing Comedy and Tragedy. All the performers then grouped themselves on either side of the staircase, while the leading actresses walked up the centre, to the music of Elgar’s “Pomp and Circumstance,” and placed laurel wreaths round the statue. Then Miss Muriel Foster sang “God Save the King”, and the front curtains came down, and we realised that it was long past six o’clock, and we were awfully hungry.
But afterwards it was delightful to realise that one bad taken part, not only in an historic performance, but that one had helped to contribute over £3000 to the Red Cross Funds, to which all the profits of the day were given.
Yours affectionately,

MURIEL DE CASTRO.

Relations and Friends on Active Service – Spring 1915

Second list of relations and friends who are, or have been, on Active Service, mentioned in the intercessions at the School.

ARMY

Reginald Wilson Rupert Moon
William Powney Ernest Wodehouse
Alfred Baker John Isaac
Thomas Woolley Charles Rooke
Rupert Ingham Brooke Darell Darell
Vivian Brettell Lowes Luard
Henry Atkinson-Clark John Allen
Charles Shearman Edward Bartlett
Bernard Gripper Harold Gripper
Harold Willcocks Geoffrey Kinder
Tom Woodhouse Horace Davis
John Fairlie Fergus Graham
Charles Godwin Preston White
Arthur Lush Alec Nicholson
John Courage Brereton Fairclough
Horace Newnham Eric Fairclough
Harold Medlicott Egerton Fairclough
Harold Smart Marselle Sincay
Robertson Turnbull Reginald Thompson

NAVY

Reginald English Archibald Hodges
Vincent Cooper Lionel Halsey
Oswald English Henry Pelly
George Voelker Dennis Pelly
Duncan Forbes Harry Hodgson
Edward Longsdon

DOCTORS, NURSES, AND OTHERS AT THE FRONT

Anthony Waring Theophila Yeatman
Frank Latimer Winifred Kenyon
Thomas La Trobe-Hill

Mention is also being made of “those who have gone forth from this School who are now attached to Red Cross or other Hospitals for the purpose of rendering aid to the sick and wounded at this time.” We are proud to think that there are so many that it is impossible to mention them all by name.

M.A. DOUGLAS.

News of Mistresses and Old Girls in War Time – Spring 1915

Spring Term 1915

There is so much interesting news from you all at this time it is hard to know where to begin, and there must, alas, be very many of you doing hard work who are too busy to write, but you shall have just as much space in the Magazine this time as we can possibly manage.

Theophila Yeatman has joined Alice Workman in running a Soldiers’ Club in Rouen. The address is Soldiers’ Club, 2, Base Post Office, Rouen, British Expeditionary Force. Postage 1d. She badly wants illustrated papers, lots of them, and begs for good English nibs and good English blotting paper; also for “a little money”, if anyone can spare it, to buy flowers for the rooms. She says the English Tommies love the Club, they say it is like being at home, and I think it must be with Alice and Theophila to welcome them.

Barbara Thatcher, writing from Clocolan, says: “We still have no means of transport, and all through the rebellion our horses were safely lodged in Basutoland, like most other folks’ from in-country.” Her brother, Harold Stokes, an old K.G. Godolphinite, is with the Natal Carbineers in G.S.W. at Ludentzbukh. May Wheeler’s brother is there too.

Gwen Mullings writes from her School at Rustenburg, Rondebosch, that they have all been knitting hard since the war broke out, and have collected well over £100 in the School. They were busy making Christmas puddings for the soldiers.

Bea Barron (Foster Pegg) writes from India that now her husband was fighting she and her baby would be coming home to England.

Kitty Bennett (Huyshe), also in India, hoped to be coming, as her husband’s Regiment had been ordered to the Plains, but she could not get transport.

Marjorie Wolley Dod has come back from Canada with her married sister, who wants to be near her husband whilst he is training.

Maisrie Drummond’s brother, Peter in in Egypt with the 1st Australian Contingent.

Marjory Winter Crowfoot writes a most interesting account of war work at Lincoln. She says: “In the foundries where we live they are working day and night on Government contracts – mines, aeroplanes, shells, &c. The 4th General Hospital of 1000 beds is on the new Grammar School grounds and buildings; my husband is very busy there most days. We have a big Red Cross Hospital as well, run by St. John Ambulance Volunteer nurses. The gun which our Regiment captured from the Germans was processed round the town, chiefly in hopes of attracting recruits.”

Vwera and May Douie write from Oxford. Their brother was wounded early in the war, but hopes to get back to the Front. He gained a Military Cross.

Margery Bush (Scott) and her husband have fitted their home as a hospital to be used under the War Office; it has 100 beds, 75 of which were in use before Christmas. Their brother, Frank, has joined the R.A.M.C., and the younger one has a commission in the Royal Munsters, and is in training in Ireland.

Miss Powles’ husband, Mr. Allen, has enlisted in the R.A.M.C., so Mrs. Allen and the baby are in Cambridge.

Lillian Southwood is nursing in the Red Cross Hospital in Exeter.

Vera Baker is working at “the Queen’s Work for Women.” She says it really is interesting being at one of the big funds, though the work is chiefly typing receipts for donations or writing letters to people who forgot to sign their cheques or even to enclose them. She was busy over the 1s. appeal, and the response was splendid.

Mary Huyshe had a most successful entertainment. Her infants recited and sang and played the “Pied Piper”. The Mission Room was so full that many could not get in at all. The proceeds went to the Belgian Fund.

Prissie Cory (Bannatyne) has taken a house in South Wales to be near husband who is in training.

Ursula Barrow nurses on two or three days a week in a Red Cross Hospital near Bexhill.

Kitty Kenyon has been helping to run a Club for soldiers at Farnborough, and also looking after soldiers’ wives and visiting wounded soldiers.

Winifred is head cook (chef coq as the Belgians call her) at a V.A.D. Hospital in Tonbridge, and has 15 kitchenmaids under her; happily they only come in relays. Peggie has helped to nurse a lot of wounded soldiers at Baschurch Surgical Home. She is still there, and is busy with crippled children pending another installment of wounded.

Winifred Blackett is working as a kitchenmaid at Guildford Red Cross Hospital.

Mollie Edmondson has been staying at Oakhurst. She hopes to be employed at the Upton Red Cross Convalescent Hospital when it is opened.

Vera Morrison (Sawyer) is back in England. Her husband was recalled from Gibraltar, and has gone to the Front. He is on the Headquarter Staff, so Vera hopes not actually in the firing line.

Rosalind Bowker is nursing in the Red Cross 2nd Western General Hospital, Manchester.

Ruth Strange is theatre staff nurse at Sturminister, Wimborne, Red Cross Hospital. Her brother Louis, of the Royal Flying Corps, has been mentioned in General French’s dispatch.

Majory and Nora Gabain’s brother, who is a dispatch rider, and has been out since the beginning of the war, was mentioned in General French’s dispatch.

Madge Carden writes a very interesting account of the rebellion from Port Elizabeth. She says, “The rebellion in a way seems worse to us than the great war, for all English people feel so ashamed to think that this is the one Colony which has not quite come up to the scratch. We had a great scare the other night, as we heard that there was a native uprising in Pondoland; the Transkei men were sent away from here at once, but all seem quiet again now.”

Iris Lang is still busy with recreation rooms for the soldiers at Church Crockham, and she says that her mother started the fashion of offering baths to the men, and since then everybody in the place has followed suit. One of her uncles is head of the Ordnance of the Expeditionary Force. He got a C.M.G. in the South African War and now has his C.B.

Philippa Kitchener tells us that her brother, Hal, is a R.E. stationed at Chatham, and is trying for the Flying Corps. He hopes to get to the Front about May.

Mawer is pantrymaid at a Red Cross Hospital. Her father has been guarding German prisoners.

Essex has been doing Red Cross work.

Bucham Brown’s brother is Gunnery-Lieutenant on the battle cruiser H.M.S. “Indefatigable.”

Maton was teaching bandaging in the village.

Wright, writing from Heilbron, O.F.S., sends a very graphic and interesting account of the rebellion. She says, “Heilbron was the first town to face the rebels, and a rough time we had of it. They pulled down and trampled on the Union Jack and took over all our horses, arms and ammunition. However, we were well off compared to other places, where they simply looted everything, and did the most wanton destruction. They even thrashed some of the loyalists, and kicked and struck the Mayor of Winbury. Heilbron has been relieved now, and hundreds of troops are patrolling the district, and have had skirmishes with the rebels and taken a good many prisoners. For a month we were absolutely cut off from outside; trains stopped, telephone and telegraph wires cut. We were practically in a state of siege, and only heard vague rumours of what was happening outside.”

In Salisbury many Old Girls and Mistresses have been helping with the Red Cross under Lady Pembroke, Lady Radnor, Miss Stephenson and the other members of the Red Cross Committee. Patients have been nursed by Red Cross probationers at the Salisbury Infirmary, the Red Cross Hospital, and the Isolation Hospital. Some of the patients have been wounded, but the greater number have been cases from the Camps round Salisbury, including some of the Canadians.

Part of Longford Castle has been converted into a Hospital for wounded Belgian Officers, who are nursed by the Red Cross probationers.

Miss Wyld is Commandant of VIII. V.A.D., Wilts. Susie Wordsworth has charge of the pack store, and has had a very busy time ever since the war broke out.

Miss Pinckney has organized the transport, which takes the nurses and a large part of the food out to the Red Cross Hospital.

Miss Fairclough and Miss Ashford have been head cooks.

Mrs. Pope has had charge of the house-keeping accounts, which has been a very big job.

The Misses Mixer have given invaluable help by offering free hospitality whenever required by the Red Cross, and the entire use of their telephone for Red Cross work.

The Mistresses and Old Girls who have acted as Red Cross probationers have been the following: Miss Fussell, Miss Ashford, Ethel and Beatrice Wilson, Lexie Hammick, Kittie Prothero, Ella Burden, Frances Clark, Kathleen Hulbert, Irene Wordsworth, Mary Weigall, Rosa Pepper, and Esther and Janet Morrice.

The cooks and kitchenmaids have been Dolly Prothero, Jessie Arnold, May Abbott, Gwen and Barbara Pinniger, Beatrix and Maud Gummer, Joan Fison, Dorothy Traske, Jessie Pearce, Winifred Holland Young, Madge Jackson, Esther Brown, Kathleen Humphrys, Joan Aldworth, Ruth Strange, Ena de Jersey, Dorothy and Muriel Vicary, Emma Burt, Bice Moggridge, Agatha Lumby, Mary Buchanan Smith, Marjorie Hardy, Violet Parson, Miss Westlake, Miss Powell, and Miss Mixer.

The charwomen have been Miss Hill, Miss Powell, Miss Derriman, Miss Winn, and Clara Ashford.

Miss Nelly Harding and her Orchestra gave a Christmas Concert at the Red Cross Hospital.

The cooks in the various School Houses made all the Christmas puddings for the Red Cross Hospital, and most of those for the Salisbury Infirmary.

Last term some of the V.A.D. gave bandaging lessons to a few of the senior girls.

Some of the laundry work, such as washing of towels and dishcloths, has been done by the girls under the superintendence of Miss Furneaux, and after she went to India Miss Fairclough took her place.

Mildred Parnell (Bevir) is in her old home at Hendon whilst her husband is patrolling part of coast of Scotland with his eight destroyers. Her brother, Reymond, has got his commission in his own Battalion, 10th Royal Fusiliers. She thinks he was rather loth to leave the ranks. Oliver, her sailor brother, is still in the Defence; he has had the bad luck to missed three engagements by just a few days.

Juliet and Cecily Parnell’s brother has come over from India with his Regiment, and has been in the trenches at La Bassée twice.

Phyllis Steedman tells us that her brother, John, is in command of the Osprey, T.B.D., and is stationed up at the North of Scotland.

Olivia Wyndham says: “My half-brother, Geoffrey Brooke, is with the 16th Lancers, and has been in the trenches, but is home again with frost-bite. Walter Brooke is on General Keir’s Staff and in the K.O.Y.L.I. John Fowler, a brother-in-law, is head of the Signaling Department and in the R.E.’s. My brother, George Wyndham has gone out with the Devons.”

Ella Jefferson says: “I have got one brother abroad; he is a temporary Major and Commandant of the Intelligence Corps. My other brother Wilfred, is going out any time now; most of his lot who were at Falmouth have left already.”

Dorothy Smith says: “Tom is still serving in the St. Vincent as a Sub-Lieutenant; they have not ‘come to grips’ with the Germans yet; he has had no leave for a long time. My Uncle, who is in the R.E., was mentioned in dispatches, and nearly all my first cousins are in training.”

Gertrude and Conny Boyle have both been very busy nursing in their Red Cross Hospital at Reading.

Rita and Kathleen Douglas are both nursing, one as a probationer in the big Stoke Infirmary and the other in a red Cross Hospital.

Muriel Jairett (Powell Jones) says that her brother had a good deal of fighting in South Africa during the rebellion, and had a wonderful escape, as a bullet went through his left sleeve, just grazing his arm; his horse also was hit. She writes from Fifeshire, where she is staying, to be near her husband, who is doing coast defence. She says they are all very tired of the work, and longing to be off to the Front. Their men, 5th Highland Light Infantry, are in splendid form and ready for anything; they do 20 to 30 miles’ march and come back as fresh as possible and singing lustily. They are excellently fed and looked after. She says: “This is a very interesting place to be in, because the war vessels pass constantly. One day we had a great excitement; one of our destroyers came right into the bay and circled round, firing 40 shots at something! We heard afterwards they were ‘firing at Fritz’, the Navy’s pet name for a German submarine which haunts these waters, but we never heard the result.”

Horne writes to tell us about her three brothers. One is with the Foreign Service Battalion in France in the transport section and drives the wagon, another is in the Artists’ Rifles with the Home Battalion, and the third is going to try for Woolwich in June, and hopes to get out to the Front before the war ends.

Mary Campbell Allen (Fuller) tells us that her husband is a Lieutenant on H.M.S. “London.” She is staying Weymouth.

Majorie Banks’ father is helping as a doctor to bring relief to the Serbian soldiers under the greatest difficulties. Her brother is a middy on the “Agamemnon” in the Dardanelles. So will have a very interesting time. She also has a brother who is a surgeon to the British Red Cross in Serbia.

Katherine Garnons-Williams is a probationer in St. Bartholomew’s Hospital.

Barbara Ganons-Williams sends us a list of her relations at the Front – Captain Pearce, K.R.R. Coprs; Major Bircham, K.R.R. Corps; Private Aylmer Garnons-Williams and Private Thomas Garnons-Williams, both Canadians; an uncle, Staff-Surgeon Garnons-Williams, H.M.S. “Amphitrite”; cousins Sub-Lieutenant A. Garnons-Williams, H.M.S. “Vanguard”; and Sub-Lieutenant L. Ricardo, H.M.S. “Lapwing.”

Ruth Tufnell says that her brother is in the Essex Yeomanry, and that they are at the Front now. They were in the trenches; that the 10th Lancers were in just before it was mined, and luckily were out just in time. She also has an uncle and several cousins at the Front.

Maud Forsdyke says that both her father and her uncle, Colonel and Mayor Forsdyke, are one war service.

Ming Glanville writes that they have a Work Party which is known as “Mrs. Glanville’s Flannel Fund.” They try to send off two or three 11-lb. parcels every week, and Ming herself is responsible for packing and sending the things off, and Mrs. Glanville says that she and Marjory are a great help to those Work Parties, and that all the people who come are so keen an get through so much work.

Catherine Capel’s brother, Jack, is in the Somerset Light Infantry, and Observer to the Royal Flying Corps.

Louie Delacombe tells us of her relations at ten Front – Harry Delacombe, R.N., Flight-Lieutenant, Colonel E, Evelegh, R.M. Light Infantry, and Second-Lieutenant Darell Evelegh, R.F.A.

Amy Pothecary (Aylward) says that her husband is a Corporal in the London Rifle Brigade, and has been in Flanders since November 20th in and out of the trenches. Her eldest brother, Dick, is with the Lahore Division, 21st Company of Sappers and Miners. He came with the first Indian Expeditionary Force from Bombay to Marseilles; he is a Corporal. Her younger brother, Jack, is a Second-Lieutenant in the 19th Yorks Regiment at Rawal Rindi.

Marion King’s only brother is in the A.S.C., and has come home on leave.

Rutledge writes to tell us about her brother, Geoffrey. She says: “He is a Captain in the 2nd Battalion Connaught Rangers, and about a year ago passed some examination, which has given him a good Staff appointment. He is Assistant Provost Marshal, and went out at the beginning of the war.” She also has a cousin who is a Lieutenant on the “Goliath” and another cousin who is in the Royal Irish Fusiliers.

Ruby Donnelly (Davis) tells us that her husband has been out at the Front since September; he is in the Garrison Artillery to a Divisional Ammunition Column, and got his Captaincy in November, and is now with the 8th Siege Battery. He has been mostly at Bethune and near La Bassée.

Alice Aylen has a brother in the R.N. and also three cousins.

Jeanie Raven (Robertson) has a young brother-in-law Assistant-Surgeon in H.M.S. “Birmingham,” and was in the Naval engagement, but as he also acts as Censor on his ship they get no startling details from him.

Violet Webb tells us that her brother, Allen, went out to France with his Regiment in August, and after doing various jobs, such as guarding railways, convoying rifles, &c., they were sent in October to the trenches. Since then he has been invalided home with arthritis and frost-bite. Her brother, Rupert, has joined the Artists’ Rifles, and is at present stationed at Roehampton.

Joan Elwes says that her cousin, Captain Somerville, of the Rifle Brigade, has come home wounded, but hopes to get out again later. Two other cousins, Captain Elwes, on General La Mothe’s Staff, and Private Elwes, in the Guards, are hoping to be at the Front soon.

Helen Blamey says that they are still busy at the U.G.S.S. with soldiers’ and sailors’ aid, &c.

Eileen Cole-Baker’s brother is still a prisoner at Magdeburg. She says they hear fairly regularly from him, and are thankful to know he is well. They are allowed to play chess and read a few English books which they send him, and he keeps cheerful, though smoking has been stopped.

Ruth Petro tells us that they have lost two cousins at the Front, and of their remaining twelve first cousins on her father’s side, three are at the Front, one a Sub-Lieutenant in the North Sea, one with the R.A.M.C., and all the rest, except a boy still at school, are at Sandhurst or in Egypt or at the Front. A girl cousin is running a Red Cross restaurant at Boulogne, and an uncle has just come back from the Front, where he has had the temporary rank of Captain with the A.S.C. Two other cousins on her mother’s side are in the Army, and will probably go to the Front this week. Another cousin is a lady doctor, and is out still, and was all through the siege of Antwerp. Her brother, Francis, is second-in-command of a submarine, and Raymond (being too young to do more) is in the O.T.C.

Mary Partridge paid a flying visit to St. Margaret’s to catch a sight of a brother from Canada before he left for France. He had been out in Canada for three years, and it seemed very sad that he had no time to go to his home in Norfolk to see his father and mother.

Jessie Lynn’s brother, Captain G. R. Lynn, I.M.S., 130th Indian Field Ambulance, Meerut Division, is serving in France.

Ruth Squire has two brothers at the Front – David, who is Second-Lieutenant, 6th Leicesters, and Charles, Lieutenant, Rifle Brigade. Her sister, Edith, is a nurse at the Front.

Gibbs says: “My brother, C. B. Gibbs, is Second Lieutenant in the 6th Wilts, and expects to go to the Front soon. He is an old Kindergarten boy.”

Mary Carver (née Malden) is Secretary to the Indian Convalescent Hospital at Ramleh, Alexandria.

Jean Alexander’s brother-in-law, Mr. Lister, has joined the A.M.S, and is Ophthalmic Surgeon to the Forces with the rank of Colonel. Their little Hospital at Aubrey House for wounded Belgians still goes on, and is wonderfully ideal opening out into the big garden.

Stephanie and Ruth Strange are very busy with their Hospital at Blandford. They are nursing a third batch of wounded, and some of the first men they had have already rejoined their Regiments at the Front. Their brother was mentioned in Sir John French’s dispatch, and has justly been promoted from Lieutenant to Flight-Commander and temporary Captain. Their other brother is on H.M.S. “Ocean” now in the Dardanelles.

Dorothy Tull says: “Alas, I am not at the Front! I only wish I were, and would give a great deal to be there if I could reconcile myself to leaving my father and mother alone. I am on the Committee of the Soldiers’ Recreation Room here, and spend most of my spare evenings down there trying to make things as pleaseant and amusing as possible for the Tommies before they go out to risk their live for us. We had 5000 troops in Woking on Thursday night on their way through Folkestone. My brother is in the Royal Fusiliers (Public School Brigade), but does not know when he will go out. I have cousin in the Canadian Contingent, who has just gone to France from Salisbury Plain; he is doing signaling and outpost duty, but hopes to be in the firing line soon.”

Clare Walker says: “I’m in the grand stand on Epson Downs, and have a ward of fifteen wounded soldiers; it is good to be able to do a little.”

Miss May Wlyd offered her services to the Aldwych Belgian Refugee Headquarters, and worked for them from September to December, as she heard that a lady who could bring and drive a car was badly wanted. For two weeks she literally drove for them from 9.00am to 10pm., or even up 12pm., her work consisting of meeting Belgian wounded soldiers and refugees and taking them to Hospitals and Depots. Her services were so much appreciated that she was asked to join the Transport Committee, consisting of 25 business men, all working at top speed every day in the week. They had to arrange to meet all the thousands of refugees we read about in the papers. One night at 11pm., just when she and the last men were packing up to go, a telephone message came saying 1700 refugees must be met at 3am that morning – they were the poor things from the wrecked Ganteame. They were met and dispatched to Alexandra Palace by early morning by means of motor bus and special trains, all of which had to be arranged for that night. The next week they sent for and brought back to England a seven weeks’ old baby and brought it safely to its mother at Hull. Nothing is too small for this Department to undertake, and they were as proud of this feat as of anything they carried through.

Lieutenant-Commander H. Wyld says he would like to write something about his work for the School Magazine, but as he is convoying troops across he dare not say anything, especially as the submarine danger has increased the difficulty and need for care.

Miss Fairclough has had a letter from her brother, in which he says: “The night before last I went to see the men in the trenches. It was very weird going out and hearing the bullets zipping all round you before you get to the trenches. The mud, of course, is almost predominant, but not quite so. The trenches in one place are only 40 yards apart, so that it does not take long for a bullet to travel a short distance… While I was there the Germans shelled the village, and it is aa awe-inspiring sight to see a house suddenly jump outwards all round, and the roof smash up, and the lot crumple to a pile of timber and bricks and a column of dust. Some shells fall in fields, make a hole 20ft. diameter, round in shape, and about 10ft, deep.”

Norah Chapman sends us the following extracts from the letters of a young officer on the Cape Station, which are very interesting as showing the work the squadron are doing:-

“We first heard rumours of war at Mauritius, and pushed on to Madagascar and then Zanzibar. On July 30th – a day out of Madagascar – I was peacefully keeping watch when the Engineer-Lieutenant told me war was imminent. We prepared for war and got everything ready for action; the ship was hurriedly smeared over with grey. The next day we had one thrill, probably our one and only, and I really thought the balloon was going up at last; the “Konigsberg,” the only German ship out here, and whom we were on the look out for, is much the same type as this ship, only faster. At 8pm. They suddenly sounded ‘action,’ and increased to full speed. The ‘Konigsberg’ had just hove in sight in the dusk. We got all our guns turned towards her ready to fire; we were neither of us showing any lights, and passed at about 3000 or 4000 yards. The slightest thing would have started an action then, as neither ship knew definitely that the other had heard that war had started, and were afraid of being surprised. It was about as near being at war as one could be, and was our one change. I am afraid we shan’t see her again, and shall have to confine our attentions to merchantmen.”

The block of the “Konigsberg” in German East Africa is described as follows: –

“The ships who were on the spot sent a boat expedition up the river to block the passage out, and had quite an exciting time, being fired at by quick-firers from the banks, where the Germans had landed and entrenched themselves. The expedition lost two killed and eleven wounded, but have bottled up the “Konigsberg” all right. She is fixed six miles up the river, and left to herself. Most of the crew doubtless die of fever, and she can’t get any stores. Our men were bitterly disappointed when they first heard of it; they were so keen ‘to give her one for the Peggy’ (‘Pegasus’) as they put it.”

“The interval following the declaration of the war was employed by most of the junior officers in getting married. These events caused much amusement in the ship, and anyone going ashore in a new monkey jacket was regarded with grave suspicion. I was closely questioned after a short foray into Simonstown – to buy a toothbrush and some safety blades – but was able to prove an alibi.”

“September 1st. We have steamed 8000 or 9000 miles since the war started. From Zanzibar we proceeded to Cape Town to pick up a convoy we are now bring home. The ‘Asteral’ is also in company, and we are in charge of six Castle liners, with the whole of the South African garrison on board. The convoy looks very stately and imposing steaming majestically along. We go on indefinitely until we are relived, and then for our sins return to the Cape… On our way back we put in at Cape Verde Islands, where there were eight or nine German merchantmen taking cover in a neutral port. Most of them are in a very bad way; no credit or money to coal to go to sea, get food, or even pay their harbor dues.”

“December 19th. We have been collecting a squadron here since November 20th with a view to laying low the German squadron which is now decorating the ocean bed somewhere near the Falkland Islands. The last ship arrived at the end of the month, and after that we were all ready to leave at a moment’s notice. The squadron consisted of six ships of various sorts and descriptions. Each of the new ships had done something, and it was very interesting getting news from literally all over the world, whence they had been gathered in. The Admiral hoisted his flag, and we sailed on December 7th. He had news from the authorities that the Germans were leaving the Pacific for German South-West Africa, and we set off to wait for them at their port, arriving on the 10th. Another of our largest cruisers joined us en route. The very day we arrived we got the news of our success in the Pacific. Everyone was bitterly disappointed in a way, but we were very glad it was us and the Japanese that sunk them. We are now back at Simonstown. Our work consists in keeping the trade routes open, and we vary our beat from time to time, speaking to various ships almost every day without discovering any of the enemy’s vessels.”

Exhibition in the Studio

Spring Term 1915

On December 16th a small Exhibition of Manuscripts and other handwork was held in the Studio in aid of the local Red Cross Funds.

Art LessonSome gaily coloured kettle holders were made by the 1st and 2nd Forms, who also contributed some leather work and well-framed picture cards. The pen work was the result of a term’s practice in simply decorated formal writing by girls belonging to the Drawing Classes. All the examples which were offered for sale found such ready buyers that late comers had to content themselves with having swelled the big pile of “admission” pennies, and at the end of the afternoon some very happy people carried off a bag to Miss Wyld containing £3 15s. 10d., which is to be spent in some very choice way for the Red Cross, either in England or in France.

School News – Autumn Term 1914

November 19th.-The School went to the beautiful Service in the Cathedral in memory of Lord Roberts.

December 7th.-We had a Patriotic Concert, to which doctors, nurses and others doing Red Cross work were invited. A Belgian officer played two marches.

PROGRAMME

(a) National Anthems of Allies-French, Belgian, Russian and British

(b) March   ” Tommy’s Welcome ” The Orchestra –   Murray

(c) Songs – Litany – Shubert

Old Sacred Lullaby – Corner

Barcaroll – Goring Thomas

Sailor’s Song – Haydn

Special Class

  • Piano Solo
  • Coronation March – The Orchestra – Edward German

INTERVAL FOR TEA AND COFFEE

  • March – ” Fame and Glory” – The Orchestra – Malt
  • Songs – (a) ” Ye Mariners of England ” – Pierson

(b) “You’ll Get There” – Parry

Junior Class.

Songs – (a) “A Ballad of the Ranks” – Stanford

              (b)Britons Strike Home” – Purcell

Senior Class.

” High Germany” (Folk Song) Combined Choir – Baring Gould and Sharp

  • Air de Ballet – “Liselotte” – Leon Adam
  • Choruses –   (a) “Soldiers of the King” – Leslie Stuart
  • Tipperary”
  • Cadet March – The Orchestra – Sousa
  • Songs ——– (a) ” Motherland “Lionel Moncton

                                    (b) “Land of Hope and Glory” – Elgar

(c) ” Rule Britannia ” – Dr. Hine

December 19th – Governors’ Meeting. Lord Methuen presided and made a stirring speech. Miss Fawcett, who has been a Governor of the School for so many years, and always the kindest of friends, has resigned. Miss Douglas spoke of all she has been to the School and all that she and the School owe to her.

December 12th – Mrs. Lees kindly played her gramophone and we danced for 15 minutes before beginning our Mission Work.

December 17th – Mark Reading. Miss Douglas first gave the red girdles, which were won by N. Chalk, H. Livesey, M. Holmes, F. Burnett, M. Sinclair, M. Southwood, J. Hinxman, E. Kinder, S. Wotton,M. Howes and C. Mackworth. She next read the results of the various Form Competitions. The Cloak Room Picture was won by Special VB., who had lost no marks. Upper V., Special VA. and Upper IVs. all lost no form room marks. Upper VI. were top in finished books, with 81.25 per cent.

Miss Douglas reminded us of the important duty of keeping our ideas in due perspective and remembering that our School concerns are very small compared with the great international events going on. At the same time, we must not neglect our daily duty. Miss Douglas wished us all a very happy Christmas. She reminded us that the worldly note in Christmas doings would be hushed this year, but this should only make the real meaning of Christmas felt more strongly. We must get our share of Christmas joy and peace by helping in the great privilege of mitigating the sufferings of those in sorrow.

Those leaving were: Joyce Guillemard, Up. VI., Prefect of St. Margaret’s; Kathleen Pearce, Up. VI., Prefect of Nelson; Lynton Crabtree, Sp. VI., Prefect of Fawcett; Troath Swinburne, Sp. VI. and School House; Olivia Wyndham, Sp. VI, and New Forest; Ethel Wheeler, Sp. VI. and Nelson; Madge Rothera, Low. VI. and Fawcett’; Lena Burden, Sp. VA., Sarum; Margaret Housley, Low. V., Nelson.

School News – Autumn 1914

Autumn Term, 1914

Oak Panneld hall donated by Miss Mary Alcie Douglas Headmistress 1890 - 1920

Oak Panelled hall donated by Miss Mary Alcie Douglas Headmistress 1890 – 1920

September 22. – School re-opened, and assembled in the Hall for the first time after it had been made so beautiful by the great kindness of Miss Douglas and Miss Lucy. Miss Douglas said that though there would be no Commemoration this year, our Hall would, perhaps, receive a more sacred dedication in the prayers which would be offered there for those who had gone to the front.

Miss Douglas then spoke of the subject which was on everyone’s mind. In this time of our country’s great need we all want to do all we can to help. First of all, we must do our own daily work as usual, only better, putting aside al selfishness, greediness, weakness, and idleness.

Then Miss Douglas told us what special plans had been made for us. The Geography, History, and Literature lessons are to be made intensely interesting, because they are to deal with things connected with the war. Every House is to have the Times, and the set of maps had been put up at School and in the Houses. We have also got a gallery of heroes, including him who we are so specially proud, General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien.

Miss Douglas then asked us to try and dwell on the glorious and heroic deeds, and not to read or talk about the shameful acts which the Germans seem, in many cases, to have committed. Miss Douglas then told us of the special plans which have been made for voluntary classes between 5.20 and 7.30 on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday, in which we learn useful things, such as carpentry, cutting out, laundry, bandaging, knitting, &c.

On Saturday evenings we give up dancing for pleasure, and have instead a big Mission Work Party, so that our Mission may not suffer. Miss Lucy reads to us.

School begins a few minutes earlier in the morning, and very day at 10.50 there is a special Intercession Service in the Hall. Different prayers are used on different days, and we often sing the beautiful hymn, “Mighty Father of Creation,” written by Miss Bagnall’s brother-in-law. On Wednesday we pray by name for our relations and friends at the front, beginning with “General Smith-Dorrien and the officers and men under his command”; then follows a list of some 150 names of those dear to us at the font in the Army and Navy, or serving as doctors or nurses. Some of these names are already on the Nation’s Roll of Honour.

Carpentry in the Main Hall 1

Carpentry in the Main Hall

The School has joined the Girls’ Patriotic Union of Secondary Schools, of which H.R.H, the Princess Mary is the Patroness; Miss Gray, head mistress of St. Paul’s Girls’ School, the Hon. Secretary; and Miss Gadesden, head mistress of the Blackheath High School, the Hon, Treasurer. It is delightful to think that the girls in the schools of England are all uniting together in earnest endeavour and useful work at this time, and a great deal of trouble is taken to circulate useful information. Knitting and needlework for the sailors and soldiers has gone on most briskly all the Term, and large consignments of socks and shirts and housewives and many useful things have been sent to Lady Smith-Dorrien and other people for distribution. The carpenters, under Mr. Atkinson, have been hard at work, and hae made many splints and three strong bed tables, with long legs on castors, so that they can be moved about in the hospital wards. The Godolphin laundresses at Rose Villa wash regularly, under Miss Furneaux, for the red Cross Hospital, doing about 100 dusters and cloths, &c., a week. We hear that Old Girls who learnt their work at Rose Villa and The Wilderness are most useful as kitchen maids at the Red Cross Hospital, and are particularly to be trusted to clean the saucepans well. Miss Ashford has been commandeered to cook or to nurse at the Hospital as is required, and all the Godolphin Staff are spending every minute of their so-called spare time in helping in most valuable ways to meet the many, many needs that arise in connection with the war – getting up music for patriotic meetings and helping regularly in the Soldiers’ Guest House and the Central Hall Evenings for Girls.

Feeding the Wounded

Autumn Term 1914

In our desire to help our wounded soldiers, our thoughts, most naturally, turn to nursing; but there are many other ways in which their sufferings may be eased by those on the spot. The wounded have to undergo many hardships in their transit from the fighting line to the base; many hours must often elapse before they can be picked up; then comes the hasty dressing at the field hospital and their removal to the Red Cross train. This train has accommodation for five hundred wounded, and has to wait in a siding till that number is complete, the earlier arrivals thus having a long and weary wait before the train leaves. These trains are not allowed to travel more than two miles an hour, so that many, many hours are spent amidst much discomfort before the base is finally reached.

During the whole of this period the wounded men are entirely dependent on the kindness of the people at the various stations for any food or drink they may get. The effect of this lack of necessary nourishment on men already weak and exhausted, and frequently enduring the most terrible agony, can well be imagined. The kind-hearted French people do their best for them, but what can private individuals do when frequently thousands pass through in the day? The value of a hot and nourishing drink to these men on their painful journey cannot be overestimated, both from its point of view of saving life and alleviating suffering. The Red Cross, though admitting the necessity of some such organisation, are unable to undertake it. Whatever could be done in this direction would have to be organised privately, though with official recognition. Having seen all this, my cousin, Alice Workman (St. Margaret’s), and her sister, determined to undertake this most necessary work. Another cousin gave them a motor kitchen, so that they could travel quickly from place to place. Amongst friends they quickly collected several hundred pounds, and they were able to make arrangements whereby they could give the men hot soup, cocoa, milk, and bread and butter at the various stopping places. It costs about £6 to feed a train-load of 500 men, and the kitchen is now in full working order, travelling between Rouen and a few miles of the Front.

Isabel Newson, St. Margaret’s.